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Republic of Burundi

Republika y'u Burundi  (language?)
République du Burundi  (French)
Flag of Burundi
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere"  (Kirundi)
"Unité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Unity, Work, Progress" 1
Anthem: Burundi bwacu
(Our Burundi)
Location of  Burundi  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Burundi  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bujumbura
Official languages Kirundi
French
Vehicular languages Kirundi, Swahili
Ethnic groups
Hutu (Bantu) 85%
Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%
Twa (Pygmy) 1%
Europeans 3,000
South Asians 2,000
Demonym(s) Burundian
Government Republic
• President
Pierre Nkurunziza
• 1st Vice President
Terence Sinunguruza
• 2nd Vice President
Gervais Rufyikiri
Independence
• from Belgium
July 1, 1962
Area
• Total
27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi) (145th)
• Water (%)
7.8
Population
• 2011 estimate
10,216,190 (89th)
• 2008 census
8,053,574
• Density
367.0/km2 (950.5/sq mi) (45th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$3.397 billion
• Per capita
$410
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$1.489 billion
• Per capita
$180
Gini (1998) 42.4
medium
HDI (2010) Increase 0.282
low · 166th
Currency Burundi franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time zone UTC+2 (CAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (not observed)
Driving side right
Calling code 257
ISO 3166 code BI
Internet TLD .bi
  1. Before 1966, "Ganza Sabwa".
  2. Estimate is based on regression; other PPP figures are extrapolated from the latest International Comparison Program for benchmark estimates.

Burundi (officially called Republic of Burundi) is a small country in Africa. The capital of Burundi is Bujumbura. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi and French. There are about eight and a half million people in Burundi. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.

Provinces, communes and collines

Burundi is divided into 17 provinces, 117 communes, and 2,638 collines (hills). Provincial governments are based on these boundaries. In 2000, the province encompassing Bujumbura was separated into two provinces, Bujumbura Rural and Bunjumbura Mairie.

The provinces are:

  • Bubanza
  • Bujumbura Mairie
  • Bujumbura Rural
  • Bururi
  • Cankuzo
  • Cibitoke
  • Gitega
  • Karuzi
  • Kayanza
  • Kirundo
  • Makamba
  • Muramvya
  • Muyinga
  • Mwaro
  • Ngozi
  • Rutana
  • Ruyigi

Largest cities

These are the largest cities in Burundi:

Ranking Name Population
1. Bujumbura 340,300
2. Gitega 46,900
3. Muyinga 45,300
4. Ngozi 40,200
5. Ruyigi 36,800
6. Kayanza 26,200
7. Bururi 22,900
8. Rutana 20,700
9. Muramvya 17,600
10. Makamba 13,000

Geography

One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is landlocked. It is bordered by Rwanda in the north, Tanzania in the east and south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west. It has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift. The country lies on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. The average elevation of the central plateau is 5,600 feet (1,707 m), with lower elevations at the borders. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 8,810 feet (2,685 m), is southeast of the capital, Bujumbura. The source of the Nile River is in Burundi province. It is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters by the Ruvyironza River Lake Victoria is also an important water source. It serves as a fork to the Kagera River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika, in Burundi's southwestern corner.

Burundi's lands are mostly agricultural or pasture. Settlement by rural populations has led to deforestation, soil erosion and habitat loss.

There are two national parks: Kibira National Park and Ruvubu National Park. Both were formed in 1982to keep wildlife populations.

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