Burundi facts for kids
|Republic of Burundi
Republika y'u Burundi (language?)
République du Burundi (French)
|Motto: "Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Iterambere" (Kirundi)
"Unité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
"Unity, Work, Progress" 1
|Anthem: Burundi bwacu
and largest city
|Vehicular languages||Kirundi, Swahili|
|Ethnic groups||Hutu (Bantu) 85%
Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%
Twa (Pygmy) 1%
South Asians 2,000
|-||1st Vice President||Terence Sinunguruza|
|-||2nd Vice President||Gervais Rufyikiri|
|-||from Belgium||July 1, 1962|
|-||Total||27,834 km2 (145th)
10,745 sq mi
|-||2011 estimate||10,216,190 (89th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
|HDI (2010)|| 0.282
low · 166th
|Currency||Burundi franc (FBu) (BIF)|
|Time zone||CAT (UTC+2)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||right|
|1.||Before 1966, "Ganza Sabwa".|
|2.||Estimate is based on regression; other PPP figures are extrapolated from the latest International Comparison Program for benchmark estimates.|
Burundi (officially called Republic of Burundi) is a small country in Africa. The capital of Burundi is Bujumbura. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi and French. There are about eight and a half million people in Burundi. Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Provinces, communes and collines
Burundi is divided into 17 provinces, 117 communes, and 2,638 collines (hills). Provincial governments are based on these boundaries. In 2000, the province encompassing Bujumbura was separated into two provinces, Bujumbura Rural and Bunjumbura Mairie.
The provinces are:
These are the largest cities in Burundi:
One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is landlocked. It is bordered by Rwanda in the north, Tanzania in the east and south and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west. It has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift. The country lies on a rolling plateau in the center of Africa. The average elevation of the central plateau is 5,600 feet (1,707 m), with lower elevations at the borders. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 8,810 feet (2,685 m), is southeast of the capital, Bujumbura. The source of the Nile River is in Burundi province. It is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters by the Ruvyironza River Lake Victoria is also an important water source. It serves as a fork to the Kagera River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika, in Burundi's southwestern corner.
There are two national parks: Kibira National Park and Ruvubu National Park. Both were formed in 1982to keep wildlife populations.
Images for kids
Pierre Nkurunziza, President of Burundi.
Burundi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.