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Kuwait facts for kids

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State of Kuwait

دولة الكويت (Arabic)
Dawlat al-Kuwait
Emblem of Kuwait
Emblem
Anthem: 
  • "Al-Nasheed Al-Watani"
  • "National Anthem"
Location of  Kuwait  (green)
Location of  Kuwait  (green)
Location of Kuwait
Capital
and largest city
Kuwait City
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Official languages Arabic
Ethnic groups
  • 60% Arab (31.1% Kuwaiti, 28.9% other Arabs)
  • 37.8% South Asian
  • 1.9% African
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s) Kuwaiti
Government Unitary constitutional monarchy
• Emir
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Legislature National Assembly
Establishment
• Independence from the Emirate of Al Hasa
1752
• Anglo-Ottoman Convention
1913
• End of treaties with the United Kingdom
19 June 1961
Area
• Total
17,818 km2 (6,880 sq mi) (152nd)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
4,137,312 (128th)
• 2005 census
2,213,403
• Density
200.2/km2 (518.5/sq mi) (61st)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$303 billion
• Per capita
$69,669 (5th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$118.271 billion (55th)
• Per capita
$28,199 (23rd)
HDI (2017) Increase 0.803
very high · 56th
Currency Kuwaiti dinar (KWD)
Time zone UTC+3 (AST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving side right
Calling code +965
ISO 3166 code KW
Internet TLD .kw
  1. Nominal succession within the House of Sabah.
  2. Emirate

Kuwait is a small country (about 17,819 square kilometers) in the Middle East.

Kuwait is the most socially progressive country in the Gulf region. It has a small and rich economy. It has about 96 billion barrels of crude oil reserves. Crude oil reserves are the oil that is still under the ground and has not yet been cleaned up. Kuwait has 10% of all of the oil reserves in the world.

The country makes a lot of money by selling oil. This money is almost half of all the money the country makes. The oil money is also 95% of the money made by selling things to different countries (people call that exports). Also, the oil money is 80% of the money the government makes. Kuwait is now talking with oil companies of other countries to make oil fields in the northern part of the country.

Kuwait's weather makes farming hard due to little rain. Instead of farming, the country catches fish and buys food from other countries.

About 75% of the country's water to drink has to be distilled (have the salt removed) or purchased from other countries.

In 1990, Iraq invaded (brought an army in to fight against) Kuwait. This started the first Gulf War.

Kuwait's official religion is Islam, although 15% of its population are Christian or Hindu. Arabic is mostly spoken in Kuwait but English is widespread among Kuwaitis (residents of Kuwait).

Kuwait is one of the few nations that has education for every age.

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