Ibn Saud facts for kids

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Ibn Saud
Ibn Saud 1945.jpg
Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia
Reign 14 August 1932 – 9 November 1953
Coronation 22 September 1932
Successor Saud
Born 15 January 1876
Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd
Died 9 November 1953 (aged 77)
Taif, Saudi Arabia
Burial Al Oud cemetery, Riyadh
Full name
Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Saud
House House of Saud
Father Abdul Rahman bin Faisal
Mother Sarah Al Sudairi
Religion Sunni Islam

Abdulaziz ibn Saud (15 January 1876 – 9 November 1953), was the founder and first monarch of Saudi Arabia. He was usually known in the Arab world as Abdulaziz and known outside it as Ibn Saud.

He reconquered his family's ancestral home city of Riyadh in 1902. This started 30 years which made him the ruler of nearly all of central Arabia. He consolidated his control over the Najd in 1922, then conquered the Hijaz in 1925. He united his dominions into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. As King, he presided over the discovery of petroleum in Saudi Arabia in 1938 and the beginning of large-scale oil production after World War II. He fathered many children, including 45 sons. He died of a heart attack. All the later kings of Saudi Arabia have been his children.

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