Hejaz facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
HAC 2010 KABE VE GÖKDELEN - panoramio
Al-Masjid Al-Haram, which surrounds the Ka‘bah (middle), in Mecca, land of Muhammad's birth and ancestry, and an annual point of pilgrimage for millions of people, 2010.

Hejaz is the western region of Saudi Arabia stretching along the Red Sea (Sea of Hejaz). It extends from Taif in the south to Khyber in the north.

Cities

There are four important cities in this region.

Jeddah

The largest city is Jeddah, in the middle of the Red Sea coast. Jeddah is the economic and tourism capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Mecca

Mecca is the holy city for Muslims because of Al-Haram Mosque and Al-Kaaba. Muslims face this city when they pray.

Medina

The second most holy city is Medina, which was the first capital of Islam. This is where the Mosque Of Prophet Muhammad is and where the Prophet Muhammad lived. There are a lot of monuments and historical places.

Taif

The youngest city is Taif. Taif is a tourist city in Saudi Arabia due to the cooler climate compared with the other cities. Hejaz has spiritual, cultural, economic and tourist importance.

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Hejaz Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.