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Hosni Mubarak
حسني مبارك
Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg
Mubarak in 2009
4th President of Egypt
In office
14 October 1981 – 11 February 2011
Prime Minister
Vice President Omar Suleiman
Preceded by Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Succeeded by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi (Interim)
Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
7 October 1981 – 2 January 1982
President Sufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Preceded by Anwar Sadat
Succeeded by Ahmad Fuad Mohieddin
15th Vice-President of Egypt
In office
16 April 1975 – 14 October 1981
President Anwar Sadat
Preceded by Hussein el-Shafei
Mahmoud Fawzi
Succeeded by Omar Suleiman
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
16 July 2009 – 11 February 2011
Preceded by Raúl Castro
Succeeded by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi (Acting)
Commander of the Air Force
In office
23 April 1972 – 16 April 1975
President Anwar Sadat
Preceded by Ali Mustafa Baghdady
Succeeded by Mahmoud Shaker
Director of the Egyptian Air Academy
In office
November 1967 – June 1969
Preceded by Yahia Saleh Al-Aidaros
Succeeded by Mahmoud Shaker
Personal details
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak

(1928-05-04)4 May 1928
Kafr-El Meselha, Kingdom of Egypt
Died 25 February 2020(2020-02-25) (aged 91)
Cairo, Egypt
Political party National Democratic Party (1978–2011)
Suzanne Thabet
(m. 1959)
  • Alaa
  • Gamal
Alma mater Egyptian Military Academy
Egyptian Air Academy
Frunze Military Academy
Military service
Allegiance  Egypt
Branch/service Flag of the Egyptian Air Force Egyptian Air Force
Years of service 1950–1975
Rank Air Chief Marshal - Egyptian Air Force rank.png – Air Chief Marshal
Commands Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Academy
Beni Suef Air Base
Cairo West Air Base
a. Office vacant from 14 October 1981 to 29 January 2011
b. as Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
c.c. military rank withdrawn after trial

Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (4 May 1928 – 25 February 2020) was an Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.

Before he entered politics, Mubarak was a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force. He served as its commander from 1972 to 1975 and rose to the rank of air chief marshal in 1973. He assumed the presidency after the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981. Mubarak's presidency lasted almost thirty years, making him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha, who ruled the country from 1805 to 1848, a reign of 43 years. Mubarak stepped down after 18 days of demonstrations during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. On 11 February 2011, former Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak and he had resigned as president and vice president respectively and transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

On 13 April 2011, a prosecutor ordered Mubarak and both of his sons (Alaa and Gamal) to be detained for 15 days of questioning about allegations of corruption and abuse of power. Mubarak was then ordered to stand trial on charges of negligence for failing to halt the killing of peaceful protesters during the revolution. These trials began on 3 August 2011. On 2 June 2012, an Egyptian court sentenced Mubarak to life imprisonment. After sentencing, he was reported to have suffered a series of health crises. On 13 January 2013, Egypt's Court of Cassation (the nation's high court of appeal) overturned Mubarak's sentence and ordered a retrial. On retrial, Mubarak and his sons were convicted on 9 May 2015 of corruption and given prison sentences. Mubarak was detained in a military hospital and his sons were freed 12 October 2015 by a Cairo court. He was acquitted on 2 March 2017 by the Court of Cassation and released on 24 March 2017.

He died on 25 February 2020. He received a military burial at a family plot outside Cairo.

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