Niger facts for kids
Republic of Niger
République du Niger (French)
Jamhuriyar Nijar (Hausa)
|Motto: "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
"Fraternity, Work, Progress"
|Anthem: La Nigérienne|
and largest city
|National languages||Hausa, Fulfulde, Gulmancema, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamasheq|
|Demonym||Nigerien (// or //)|
|-||Prime Minister||Brigi Rafini|
|Independence from France|
|-||Declared||3 August 1960|
|-||Total||1,267,000 km2 (22nd)
489,678 sq mi
|-||July 2011 estimate||15,730,754 (63rd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$11.783 billion (140th)|
|-||Per capita||$781 (175th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|-||Total||$6.286 billion (143rd)|
|-||Per capita||$417 (177th)|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.295
low · 186th
|Currency||West African CFA franc (XOF)|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||right|
Niger is a country in western Africa. The capital is Niamey, and the official language is French. It is surrounded by Algeria and Libya to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, and Burkina Faso and Mali to the west. Niger is landlocked, meaning it has no coastline. Niger gets its name from the Niger River.
The Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire both had land in what is now Niger. Later France controlled the land that is now Niger. Niger has a population, or the number of people living in an area, of 15,306,252 and an area of 1,267,000 square kilometres. Much of Niger is desert.
After a military coup in 2010, Niger is now a democratic, multi-party state. Most of the people live in rural areas, and have little access to advanced education.
Niger is on the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. Niger's area is 1,267,000 square kilometres (489,191 sq mi) of which 300 square kilometres (116 sq mi) is water. It is the world's twenty-second largest country. Niger borders seven countries. The longest border is with Nigeria to the south.
The lowest point is the Niger River, with an elevation of 200 metres (656 ft). The highest point is Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès in the Aïr Mountains at 2,022 m (6,634 ft).
This table shows cities with a population over 10,000, according to 2001 census.
|Niamey||Niamey Capital District||707,951|
Niger's subtropical climate is mainly very hot and dry. Much of it is covered by desert. In the extreme south there is a tropical climate on the edges of the Niger River basin. The land is mostly desert plains and sand dunes. There is flat to rolling savanna in the south and hills in the north.
The literacy rate (the amount of the adult population who can read or write) of Niger is among the lowest in the world. In 2005 it was estimated to be only 28.7% (42.9% male and 15.1% female). Primary education in Niger is required for six years. The primary school enrollment and attendance rates are low, particularly for girls. Children are often made to work rather than attend school. This is particularly true during planting or harvest periods.
Images for kids
President Hamani Diori and visiting German President Dr. Heinrich Lübke greet crowds on a state visit to Niamey, 1969. Diori's single party rule was characterized by good relations with the west and a preoccupation with foreign affairs.
An elephant in the W National Park.
Niamey, Niger's capital and economic hub.
The fertile south of Niger near the Niger River.
A farmer collecting millet in Koremairwa village in the Dosso department.
A test oil well in the Tenere Desert, January 2008
A rural mother tends to her malnourished infant at the Maradi MSF aid centre, during the 2005–2006 Niger food crisis. While the Maradi Region is the breadbasket of Niger, the 20th century saw three severe Sahel droughts which brought dramatic food insecurity to even the most fertile regions of Niger.
A mosque in Niamey
Horsemen at the traditional Ramadan festival at the Sultan's Palace in the Hausa city of Zinder.
Niger Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.