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United Arab Emirates facts for kids

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Coordinates: 24°N 54°E / 24°N 54°E / 24; 54

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United Arab Emirates

الإمارات العربية المتحدة (Arabic)
Dawlat-al-Imārāt al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah
Flag of United Arab Emirates
Anthem: عيشي بلادي
"Īšiy Bilādī"
"Long Live my Nation"
Location of  United Arab Emirates  (green)in the Arabian Peninsula  (white)
Location of  United Arab Emirates  (green)

in the Arabian Peninsula  (white)

Location of United Arab Emirates
Capital Abu Dhabi
24°28′N 54°22′E / 24.467°N 54.367°E / 24.467; 54.367
Largest city Dubai
25°15′N 55°18′E / 25.250°N 55.300°E / 25.250; 55.300
Official languages Arabic
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
  • 27.15% Indian
  • 12.53% Pakistani
  • 11.32% Emirati
  • 7.31% Bangladeshi
  • 3.13% Sri Lankan
  • 38.56% others
Demonym(s) Emirati
Government Federal absolute monarchy
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Legislature Federal National Council
Establishment from the United Kingdom and the Trucial States
• Sharjah
• Abu Dhabi
• Ajman
• Dubai
• Independence
2 December 1971
• Admission of Ras al-Khaimah to the UAE
10 February 1972
• Total
83,600 km2 (32,300 sq mi) (114th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
9,400,000 (94th)
• 2005 census
• Density
99/km2 (256.4/sq mi) (110th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$693.765 billion (32nd)
• Per capita
$68,424 (7th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$407.210 billion (28th)
• Per capita
$40,162 (19th)
Gini (2008) 36
HDI (2015) Increase 0.840
very high · 42nd
Currency UAE dirham (AED)
Time zone UTC+4 (GST)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +971
ISO 3166 code AE
Internet TLD
  • .ae
  • امارات.

The United Arab Emirates or the UAE is a country in the Middle East. It is made up of seven emirates located in the north-eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, on the south side of the Persian Gulf.


People from this country are called Emiratis or Emirati citizens. Emirians used to be called Trucial Coasters or just Trucials before independence. Emirians from ancient history are called Maganites.


It borders Saudi Arabia to the south, Oman to the east, and Qatar to the west. The capital city of the UAE is Abu Dhabi, and the biggest city is Dubai. These cities have become global cities and are often visited by tourists. They have many skyscrapers and one of them, the Burj Khalifa, is the world's tallest structure.


The United Arab Emirates were previously a British colony known as the Trucial States. Independence was granted from the British in 1971.


As a member of the Arab League, the country's official language is Arabic. The country has some traditions and one of them is eating dates. That is why date palms are often grown in the UAE.

The seven emirates of the UAE

The seven emirates (territories which have an Islamic emir as its monarch and head of state) which make up the UAE used to have a special peace treaty (or truce) with the United Kingdom. This is why their old name was the Trucial States. These are:

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