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Commonwealth of Dominica

Flag of Dominica
Motto: "Après Bondie, C'est La Ter"  (Antillean Creole)
"After God is the Earth"
"Après le Bon Dieu, c'est la Terre"
Anthem: Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour
Location of Dominica
and largest city
Official languages English
Vernacular languages Dominican Creole French
Ethnic groups
Black 86.8%
Mixed 8.9%
Carib Amerindian 2.9%
White 0.8%
Other 0.7%
Demonym(s) Dominican
Government Parliamentary republic
• President
Charles Savarin
• Prime Minister
Roosevelt Skerrit
• from the United Kingdom
3 November 1978
• Total
790 km2 (310 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
72,660 (195th)
• 2011 census
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (95th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$977 million
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$489 million
• Per capita
HDI (2007) Increase 0.724
high · 73rd
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone UTC–4 (Eastern Caribbean)
Driving side left
Calling code +1-767
ISO 3166 code DM
Internet TLD .dm
  1. Rank based on 2005 UN estimate.

The Commonwealth of Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is between the French-speaking territories of Guadeloupe and Martinique. The island measures 751 km² (290 mi²) in area. Roseau is its capital; Portsmouth is another main town. Almost seventy thousand people live on the island.

The currency of the island is the East Caribbean dollar.

The island's name comes from the Latin for Sunday, Dies Dominica. It is not to be confused with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic in the Greater Antilles.

Because of the lush beauty and untouched splendor it boasts (also seen in its rainforests), it is nicknamed the Nature Island of the Caribbean.

Dominica is most famously depicted in Jean Rhys' classic prequel to Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea.


Dominica was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. In 1763, it became a territory of the United Kingdom from which its independence was received on 3 November 1978.

In August 1979, Hurricane David, the most powerful storm to hit the island, wiped out its entire infrastructure. On 21 November 2004, the island was hit by its most destructive earthquake in history; Portsmouth and the northern area were deeply affected.

In 1980, Dame Eugenia Charles became its prime minister, the first female government leader in the West Indies.


Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is the northernmost of the Windward Islands.

Dominica is largely covered by rainforest. It is home to the world's second-largest hot spring, Boiling Lake.

Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a tropical forest with scenic volcanic features. It was recognised as a World Heritage Site on 4 April 1995.

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