Kenneth Kaunda facts for kids
Kaunda during an official visit to the United States in 1983
|1st President of Zambia|
24 October 1964 – 2 November 1991
|Preceded by||British Colonial Governor|
|Succeeded by||Frederick Chiluba|
|3rd Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement|
8 September 1970 – 5 September 1973
|Preceded by||Gamal Abdel Nasser|
|Succeeded by||Houari Boumédienne|
|Born||28 April 1924
Chinsali, Northern Rhodesia
Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He followed his father's steps in becoming a teacher. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from British rule. Dissatisfied with Harry Nkumbula's leadership of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress, later becoming the head of the United National Independence Party.
He was the first President of the independent Zambia. In 1973 following tribal and inter-party violence, all political parties except UNIP (he was president of UNIP0 were banned through an amendment of the constitution after the signing of the Choma Declaration. At the same time, Kaunda oversaw the acquisition of majority stakes in key foreign-owned companies. The oil crisis of 1973 and a slump in export revenues put Zambia in a state of economic crisis. International pressure forced Kaunda to change the rules that had kept him in power. Multi-party elections took place in 1991, in which Frederick Chiluba, the leader of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy, ousted Kaunda.
Kaunda was briefly stripped of Zambian citizenship in 1999, but the decision was overturned the following year. At 96, he is currently the oldest living former Zambian president.
After retiring, he has been involved in various charitable organisations. His most notable contribution has been his zeal in the fight against the spread of HIV/AIDS. One of Kaunda's children was claimed by the pandemic in the 1980s. From 2002 to 2004, he was an African President-in-Residence at the African Presidential Archives and Research Center at Boston University.
Awards and honours
- On 21 May 1963, he received an honouary degree of Doctor of Laws from Fordham University
- On 28 May 1975 was made Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry
- On 10 December 2002 Kaunda was awarded the Supreme Companion of OR Tambo by South Africa
- On 4 October 2007 was made a Commander of the Most Courteous Order of Lesotho
- On 19 October 2007 Kaunda was the recipient of the 2007 Ubuntu Award
Images for kids
Jimmy Carter and Kenneth Kaunda at the White House in 1978
Kenneth Kaunda Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.