Turkmenistan facts for kids
Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
Independent Neutral Turkmenistan State Anthem
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2003)||
|Government||Dominant-party presidential state|
|-||Chariman of the Mejlis||Akja Nuberdiyeva|
|Independence from the Soviet Union|
|-||Declared||27 October 1991|
|-||Recognized||25 December 1991|
|-||Total||491,210 km2 (52nd)
188,456 sq mi
|-||2012 estimate||5,125,693 (112th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
medium · 102nd
|Currency||Turkmen new manat (TMT)|
|Time zone||TMT (UTC+5)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+5)|
|Drives on the||right|
Turkmenistan or Turkmenia is a country in the South-central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran (Persia), Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan. It has no ocean coastline, but is on the Caspian Sea. The capital of Turkmenistan is Ashghabad.
Turkmenistan is divided into five provinces and one capital city district. The provinces are divided into districts which may be either counties or cities.
|Division||ISO 3166-2||Capital city||Area||Pop (2005)||Key|
|Ashgabat City||Ashgabat||470 km2 (180 sq mi)||871,500|
|Ahal Province||TM-A||Anau||97,160 km2 (37,510 sq mi)||939,700||1|
|Balkan Province||TM-B||Balkanabat||139,270 km2 (53,770 sq mi)||553,500||2|
|Daşoguz Province||TM-D||Daşoguz||73,430 km2 (28,350 sq mi)||1,370,400||3|
|Lebap Province||TM-L||Türkmenabat||93,730 km2 (36,190 sq mi)||1,334,500||4|
|Mary Province||TM-M||Mary||87,150 km2 (33,650 sq mi)||1,480,400||5|
Turkmenistan is one of the driest desert areas in the world. Some places have an average annual precipitation of only 12 mm (0.47 in). The highest temperature recorded in Ashgabat is 48.0 °C (118.4 °F). Kerki, an extreme inland city located on the banks of the Amu Darya river, recorded 51.7 °C (125.1 °F) in July 1983, but this value is unofficial. 50.1C is the highest temperature recorded at Repetek Reserve, recognized as the highest temperature ever recorded in the whole former Soviet Union.
The major cities include Aşgabat, Türkmenbaşy (formerly Krasnovodsk) and Daşoguz.
Images for kids
Bazaar in Daşoguz
Turkmenistan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.