Saparmurat Niyazov facts for kids

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His Excellency Türkmenbaşy

Saparmurat Niyazov
Saparmyrat Ataýewiç Nyýazow
Saparmurat Niyazov in 2002.jpg
Niyazov in 2002
1st President of Turkmenistan
In office
2 November 1990 – 21 December 2006
Prime Minister Han Ahmedow (1990–1992)
Vice President
Preceded by office established
Succeeded by Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan
In office
21 December 1985 – 16 December 1991
Preceded by Muhammetnazar Gapurow
Succeeded by Position abolished
Full member of the 28th Politburo
In office
14 July 1990 – 29 August 1991
Leader of the Democratic Party
In office
27 October 1991 – 21 December 2006
Preceded by position established
Succeeded by Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Personal details
Born
Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov

(1940-02-19)19 February 1940
Gypjak, Turkmen SSR, Soviet Union
Died 21 December 2006(2006-12-21) (aged 66)
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
Political party Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (1991–2006)
Other political
affiliations
Communist Party of Turkmenistan (1962–1991)
Spouse(s) Muza Niyazova
Russian: Му́за Ния́зова
Children
  • Murat
  • Irina
Education Leningrad Polytechnic Institute
Profession Electrical engineer

Saparmurat Niyazov (February 19, 1940 - December 21, 2006) was the first President of Turkmenistan. He served from 1993 to 2006. Saparmurat Niyazov also called himself Türkmenbaşy, which means leader of the Turkmen people. He tried to make a cult of personality, which means that he put many pictures and statues of himself around his country to make himself seem important. While he was president, Niyazov made doing many things against the law, such as growing a beard or ballet dancing. He died from a heart attack on December 21, 2006, and Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow became the new president of Turkmenistan.


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