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Oriental Republic of Uruguay

República Oriental del Uruguay  (Spanish)
Coat of arms of Uruguay
Coat of arms
Motto: "Libertad o Muerte" (Spanish)
(English: "Freedom or Death")
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Uruguay"
(English: "National Anthem of Uruguay")
Location of  Uruguay  (dark green)in South America  (grey)
Location of  Uruguay  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

Location of Uruguay
and largest city
34°53′S 56°10′W / 34.883°S 56.167°W / -34.883; -56.167
National language Spanish
Cross-border language Portuguese
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s) Uruguayan, Oriental
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Luis Lacalle Pou
• Vice President
Beatriz Argimón
Legislature General Assembly
Chamber of Representatives
• Declared
25 August 1825
• Recognized
27 August 1828
• First Constitution
18 July 1830
18 December 1945
• Total
176,215 km2 (68,037 sq mi) (89th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
3,449,285 (99th)
• 2011 census
• Density
19.8/km2 (51.3/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP) 2020 estimate
• Total
$86.562 billion (92th)
• Per capita
$24,516 (59th)
GDP (nominal) 2020 estimate
• Total
$62.917 billion (80th)
• Per capita
$17,819 (49th)
Gini (2017)  39.5
HDI (2018) Increase 0.808
very high · 57th
Currency Uruguayan peso (UYU)
Time zone UTC−3 (UYT)
Driving side right
Calling code +598
ISO 3166 code UY
Internet TLD .uy
Location of Uraguay

Uruguay is a country in South America. The language spoken there is Spanish. Its capital and largest city is Montevideo. Uruguay is bordered by two large neighbors, Brazil and Argentina. The only country in South America that is smaller than Uruguay is Suriname. The land there is mostly flat, and there are many farms in the countryside.


Departments of Uruguay (map)
Map of the departments of Uruguay

Uruguay is divided into 19 different Departments.

Department Capital Area Population (2011 census)
Artigas Artigas 11,928 km2 (4,605 sq mi) 73,162
Canelones Canelones 4,536 km2 (1,751 sq mi) 518,154
Cerro Largo Melo 13,648 km2 (5,270 sq mi) 84,555
Colonia Colonia del Sacramento 6,106 km2 (2,358 sq mi) 122,863
Durazno Durazno 11,643 km2 (4,495 sq mi) 57,082
Flores Trinidad 5,144 km2 (1,986 sq mi) 25,033
Florida Florida 10,417 km2 (4,022 sq mi) 67,093
Lavalleja Minas 10,016 km2 (3,867 sq mi) 58,843
Maldonado Maldonado 4,793 km2 (1,851 sq mi) 161,571
Montevideo Montevideo 530 km2 (200 sq mi) 1,292,347
Paysandú Paysandú 13,922 km2 (5,375 sq mi) 113,112
Río Negro Fray Bentos 9,282 km2 (3,584 sq mi) 54,434
Rivera Rivera 9,370 km2 (3,620 sq mi) 103,447
Rocha Rocha 10,551 km2 (4,074 sq mi) 66,955
Salto Salto 14,163 km2 (5,468 sq mi) 124,683
San José San José de Mayo 4,992 km2 (1,927 sq mi) 108,025
Soriano Mercedes 9,008 km2 (3,478 sq mi) 82,108
Tacuarembó Tacuarembó 15,438 km2 (5,961 sq mi) 89,993
Treinta y Tres Treinta y Tres 9,529 km2 (3,679 sq mi) 48,066
Total¹ 175,016 km2 (67,574 sq mi) 3,251,526
  • ¹Doesn't include the artificial lakes on the Rio Negro (1,199 km²).


The highest point in the country is the Cerro Catedral whose peak reaches to 514 metres (1,686 ft).

Uruguay has 660 km of coastline.

There are nine National Parks in Uruguay. Five in the wetland areas of the east, three in the central hill country and one in the west along the Rio Uruguay.



According to FAOSTAT, Uruguay is one of world's largest producers of: soybeans (9th); greasy wool (12th); horse meat (14th); beeswax (14th); quinces (17th); natural honey (19th); cattle meat (20th).


Colour/Race (self-reported, 2008)
White 95.4%
Black/African 3.4%
Indigenous 1.1%
Asian/Amarillo 0.1%

Uruguayans are mostly of European origin. 88%, or 88 of 100 people, are from European descent.


Estadio centenario 2
Centenario Stadium

Football is the most popular sport in Uruguay. The Uruguay national football team has won the FIFA World Cup on two occasions.

Official Websites

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