Uruguay facts for kids
|Oriental Republic of Uruguay
|Motto: "Libertad o Muerte" (Spanish)
"Freedom or Death"
|Anthem: Himno Nacional de Uruguay
National Anthem of Uruguay
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (0.4em)|
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|-||Vice President||Raúl Sendic|
|-||Upper house||Chamber of Senators|
|-||Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|Independence from the Empire of Brazil|
|-||Declaration||25 August 1825|
|-||Recognition||28 August 1828|
|-||Constitution||18 July 1830|
|-||Total||176,215 km2 (91st)
68,037 sq mi
|-||2011 estimate||3,318,535 (133rd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2013 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|HDI (2013)|| 0.792
high · 51st
|Currency||Uruguayan peso (UYU)|
|Time zone||UYT (UTC−3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||UYST (UTC−2)|
|Drives on the||right|
Uruguay is a country in South America. The language spoken there is Spanish. Its capital and largest city is Montevideo. Uruguay is bordered by two large neighbors, Brazil and Argentina. The only country in South America that is smaller than Uruguay is Suriname. The land there is mostly flat, and there are many farms in the countryside.
Uruguay is divided into 19 different Departments.
|Department||Capital||Area||Population (2011 census)|
|Artigas||Artigas||11,928 km2 (4,605 sq mi)||73,162|
|Canelones||Canelones||4,536 km2 (1,751 sq mi)||518,154|
|Cerro Largo||Melo||13,648 km2 (5,270 sq mi)||84,555|
|Colonia||Colonia del Sacramento||6,106 km2 (2,358 sq mi)||122,863|
|Durazno||Durazno||11,643 km2 (4,495 sq mi)||57,082|
|Flores||Trinidad||5,144 km2 (1,986 sq mi)||25,033|
|Florida||Florida||10,417 km2 (4,022 sq mi)||67,093|
|Lavalleja||Minas||10,016 km2 (3,867 sq mi)||58,843|
|Maldonado||Maldonado||4,793 km2 (1,851 sq mi)||161,571|
|Montevideo||Montevideo||530 km2 (200 sq mi)||1,292,347|
|Paysandú||Paysandú||13,922 km2 (5,375 sq mi)||113,112|
|Río Negro||Fray Bentos||9,282 km2 (3,584 sq mi)||54,434|
|Rivera||Rivera||9,370 km2 (3,620 sq mi)||103,447|
|Rocha||Rocha||10,551 km2 (4,074 sq mi)||66,955|
|Salto||Salto||14,163 km2 (5,468 sq mi)||124,683|
|San José||San José de Mayo||4,992 km2 (1,927 sq mi)||108,025|
|Soriano||Mercedes||9,008 km2 (3,478 sq mi)||82,108|
|Tacuarembó||Tacuarembó||15,438 km2 (5,961 sq mi)||89,993|
|Treinta y Tres||Treinta y Tres||9,529 km2 (3,679 sq mi)||48,066|
|Total¹||—||175,016 km2 (67,574 sq mi)||3,251,526|
The highest point in the country is the Cerro Catedral whose peak reaches to 514 metres (1,686 ft).
Uruguay has 660 km of coastline.
There are nine National Parks in Uruguay. Five in the wetland areas of the east, three in the central hill country and one in the west along the Rio Uruguay.
According to FAOSTAT, Uruguay is one of world's largest producers of: soybeans (9th); greasy wool (12th); horse meat (14th); beeswax (14th); quinces (17th); natural honey (19th); cattle meat (20th). On December 20, 2013, Uruguay was the first country in the world to legalize the cultivation, sale, and use of cannabis.
|Colour/Race (self-reported, 2008)|
Uruguayans are mostly of European origin. 88%, or 88 of 100 people, are from European descent.
Images for kids
The then-Uruguayan president Jorge Batlle with former U.S. president George H. W. Bush in 2003.
Palacio Legislativo, Montevideo, Uruguay
Tabaré Vázquez (President 2005–2010, 2015–present) with then-President of Brazil Lula da Silva in 2007.
José Mujica (President 2010–2015) with then-President of Brazil Lula da Silva in 2010.
Plaza Independencia, Montevideo
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay
A "livable sculpture", Carlos Páez Vilaró's Casapueblo was his home, hotel and museum.
The local hot drink mate being consumed in transit
Uruguay Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.