Paysandú Department facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Old port facilities in Paysandú (customs office).
Old custom office in the old port in Paysandú.
Flag of Paysandú
Coat of arms of Paysandú
Coat of arms
Location of Paysandú, in red, in Uruguay
Location of Paysandú, in red, in Uruguay
Country  Uruguay
Creation 27 January 1816
 • Total 13,922 km2 (5,375 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 113,124
 • Density 8.1256/km2 (21.0451/sq mi)
Time zone UYT (UTC-03)
ISO 3166 code UY-PA
Website Official website

The Paysandú department (Spanish: Departamento de Paysandú) is a department of Uruguay. The capital is the city of Paysandú.

Its ISO 3166-2 code is UY-PA.


Paysandu Department map
Map of Paysandú

The Paysandú department is in the western part of Uruguay, along the Uruguay river. It has an area of 13,922 km2 (5,375 sq mi), the third largest department in the country, after the Tacuarembó and Salto departments. The population is 113,124 inhabitants (2011 census) for a population density of 8.1 inhabitants/km2.

There are two chains of low hills in the department. These chains of low and rounded hills are named cuchillas in the country. The two cuchillas in the department are cuchilla de Queguay to the northwest, and cuchilla de Haedo to the southeast.

There is one protected area in the department: Montes del Queguay (Spanish: Área protegida Montes del Queguay); it is around the confluence of the Queguay Grande and Queguay Chico rivers.



The main rivers in the department are:

  • Uruguay, to the west and that forms the border with Argentina; and
  • Queguay Grande, a tributary of the Uruguay river that flows through the department from East to West.


The Köppen climate classification type for the climate in Paysandú is a "Humid subtropical climate" and of the subtype Cfa.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Paysandú is 1,196.3 mm (47.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is March with 142.2 mm (5.6 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is May with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Paysandú is 17.9 °C (64.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is January with an average temperature of 24.8 °C (76.6 °F). The coolest month on average is June, with an average temperature of 11.7 °C (53.1 °F).


The inhabitants of the Paysandú department (and of the city of Paysandú) are known, in Spanish, as Sanduceros.

Evolution of the population in Paysandú

Rural population

According to the 2011 census, the Paysandú department has a rural population of 4,364.

Main towns
City / Town Population
Paysandú 76,412
Nuevo Paysandú 8,578
Guichón 5,039
Chacras de Paysandú 3,965
Quebracho 2,853
San Félix 1,718
Porvenir 1,159
Tambores 1,111
Piedras Coloradas 1,094


Related pages

Paysandú Department Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.