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Occitan language facts for kids

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occitan, lenga d'òc, provençal
Native to France, Spain, Italy, Monaco
Native speakers estimates range from 100,000 to 800,000  (2007–2012)
Language family
Early forms:
Old Occitan
  • Occitan
Gascon (including Aranese dialect)
Official status
Official language in Catalonia (Spain)
Recognised minority language in France
Italy (Law number 482 of 15 December 1999)
Regulated by Conselh de la Lenga Occitana; Congrès Permanent de la Lenga Occitana; Institut d'Estudis Aranesi
Linguasphere 51-AAA-g & 51-AAA-f
Occitania blanck map.PNG
Idioma occitano dialectos.png
various dialects of Occitan

Occitan, known also as lenga d'òc by its native speakers ( French: langue d'oc), is a Romance language spoken in the south of France, the Occitan Valleys of Italy, the Val d'Aran of Catalonia and Monaco. The regions together are sometimes known unofficially as Occitania.

Occitan took a different path Latin from all the above countries official languages. It is sometimes called lenga d'òc ("language of oc", French: langue d'oc) because its word for yes is òc, as opposed to oil (oui) or in other languages. That is one way to classify Romance languages.


  • Alpine (also named Vivaro-Alpine or Provençal Alpine)
  • Auvergnat
  • Gascon (including Aranese spoken in Val d'Aran, Catalonia, Spain)
  • Languedocien
  • Limousin
  • Provençal

Some of the names (Provençal, Limousin, Gascon) were once used to name the whole language.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Idioma occitano para niños

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