Empire of Brazil facts for kids

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Empire of Brazil

Império do Brasil
1822–1889
Coat of arms consisting of a shield with a green field with a golden armillary sphere superimposed on the red and white Cross of the Order of Christ, surrounded by a blue band with 20 silver stars; the bearers are two arms of a wreath, with a coffee branch on the left and a flowering tobacco branch on the right; and above the shield is an arched golden and jeweled crown
Imperial coat of arms
Motto: Independência ou Morte!
"Independence or Death!"
Anthem: Anthem of Independence(1822-1831)

Brazilian National Anthem (1831–1889)
Map of South America with the Empire of Brazil highlighted in green
The Empire of Brazil including the former Cisplatina province.
Capital Rio de Janeiro
Common languages Portuguese
Religion
Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy
Emperor of Brazil  
• 1822–1831
Pedro I
• 1831–1889
Pedro II
Legislature General Assembly
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Historical era 19th century
• Independence
7 September 1822
• Accession of Pedro I
12 October 1822
• Imperial Constitution adopted
25 March 1824
• Accession of Pedro II
7 April 1831
• Slavery abolished
13 May 1888
• Monarchy abolished
15 November 1889
Currency Real
ISO 3166 code BR

The Empire of Brazil was a 19th-century country that covered the areas of modern Brazil and Uruguay. Brazil was originally a colony of the Portuguese Empire but became its center when the Prince Regent João VI fled the French invasion of Portugal in 1808. When João returned to Portugal he left his son Pedro as regent of the autonomous Kingdom of Brazil.

Independence of Brazil 1888
Declaration of the independence of Brazil on September 7, 1822.

On 7 September 1822, Pedro declared Brazil to be an independent Empire with himself as Emperor. However he abdicated in 1831 in favour of his young son Pedro II whose reign saw three international wars and decades of economic prosperity. However Pedro II did not have a male heir and the Empire ended on 15 November 1889 when the Emperor was overthrown in a coup d'état by the military.

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