Bahia facts for kids

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State of Bahia
State
Flag of State of Bahia
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Bahia
Coat of arms
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Country  Brazil
Area
 • Total 567,295 km2 (219,034 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 14,016,906
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 24.708319/km2 (63.99425/sq mi)
 • Density rank 12th
Demonym(s) Baiano
GDP
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 137,075,000,000 (6th)
 • Per capita R$ 9,779.26 (19th)
HDI
 • Year 2005
 • Category 3.913 <very high>
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
Postal code 40000-000 to 48990-000
ISO 3166 code BR-BA
Website bahia.ba.gov.br

Bahia is a state in the northeast area of Brazil on the Atlantic Ocean coast.

Geography

The capital city of Bahia is Salvador. Other cities where many people live are Feira de Santana, Vitória da Conquista, Itabuna, Ilhéus, and Juazeiro. Almost all of Bahia is 200 m above the sea level. The São Francisco River is the longest river in Bahia. Salvador was the capital of Brazil from 1549 until 1763.

Economy

Bahia is the sixth richest Brazilian state. The economy of Bahia is based on industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, tourism, mining and services.

Culture

Bahia is said to have the greatest and most African influence, in terms of culture and customs, in Brazil. Some of these are the martial art of capoeira and African-derived music such as samba, afoxé, and axé.

Acarajé is a popular street food. It is one of the symbols of the culture of Bahia.

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