Piauí facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
State of Piauí
Flag of State of Piauí
Coat of arms of State of Piauí
Coat of arms
Location of State of Piauí in Brazil
Location of State of Piauí in Brazil
Country  Brazil
 • Total 251,529.186 km2 (97,115.962 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,160,748
 • Rank 18th
 • Density 12.5661282/km2 (32.546123/sq mi)
 • Density rank 18th
Demonym(s) Piauiense
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 12,790,000,000 (23rd)
 • Per capita R$ 4,213 (27th)
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.703 – medium (25th)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRT (UTC-3)
Postal Code 64000-000 to 64990-000
ISO 3166 code BR-PI
Website pi.gov.br

Piauí is one of the 26 states of Brazil. It is in the northeastern part of the country. The capital of Piauí is Teresina.


Piauí shares borders with the states of Maranhão (west), Ceará (east), Pernambuco (east) and Bahia (east and south). It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north.

Piauí has the shortest coastline of any of the Brazilian states that borders the Atlantic Ocean. Its coastline is only 66 km long. The capital, Teresina, is the only state capital in the northeast that is not on the coast. The reason for this is because, unlike the rest of the area, Piauí state was first colonised away from the coast and slowly expanded towards the ocean. The other states in the area started on the coast and grew inland.


The flag of Piaui was created on 24 July 1922. The blue canton and a star is for the state itself. The green and yellow stripes are for Brazil.


Cities in Piaui include:

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