Rio de Janeiro (state) facts for kids

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Rio de Janeiro
Estado do Rio de Janeiro
State of Rio de Janeiro
Flag of Rio de Janeiro
Coat of arms of Rio de Janeiro
Coat of arms
Motto: Recte Rem Publicam Gerere (Latin)
"Conduct the affairs of the public with righteousness"
Anthem: November 15th
Location of State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil
Location of State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil
Country  Brazil
 • Total 43,696.1 km2 (16,871.2 sq mi)
Area rank 24th
Population (2012)
 • Total 16,231,365
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 371.4603/km2 (962.0777/sq mi)
 • Density rank 2nd
Demonym(s) Fluminense
 • Year 2008 estimate
 • Total R$ 343,182,000,000 (2nd)
 • Per capita R$ 21,621 (3rd)
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.832 – high (5th)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code 20000-000 to 28990-000
ISO 3166 code BR-RJ

Rio de Janeiro is one of the 26 states of Brazil. Its capital is the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Rio de Janeiro is in the Southeast Region of Brazil. It shares borders with Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and São Paulo as well as the Atlantic Ocean. Rio de Janeiro has an area of 43,653 square kilometres (16,855 sq mi).

The state's largest cities are Rio de Janeiro, Nova Iguaçu, Niterói, Duque de Caxias, São Gonçalo, São João de Meriti, Campos dos Goytacazes, Petrópolis and Volta Redonda. Its main rivers are the Guandu River, the Piraí, the Paraíba do Sul, the Macaé and the Muriaé. Its climate is tropical.


The state is made up of both mountains and plains. It is between the Mantiqueira Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. The bays of Guanabara, Sepetiba, and Ilha Grande are on the coastline of Rio de Janeiro.

Rio de Janeiro is the smallest state in the Southeast Region and one of the smallest in Brazil. Its coastline is 635 kilometres (395 mi), the third longest coastline in the country.

Ethnic groups

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