Brazilian Federal District facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Federal District
Distrito Federal
Federal district
Flag of Federal District
Coat of arms of Federal District
Coat of arms
Location of Federal District in Brazil
Location of Federal District in Brazil
Country  Brazil
 • Total 5,802 km2 (2,240 sq mi)
Area rank 27th
Population (2012)
 • Total 2,648,532
 • Rank 20th
 • Density 456.49/km2 (1,182.29/sq mi)
 • Density rank 1st
Demonym(s) Brasiliense
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 110,630,000,000 (8th)
 • Per capita R$ 45,600 (1st)
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.911 – very high (1st)
Time zone BRT (UTC–3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC–2)
Postal code 70000-000 to 73690-000
ISO 3166 code BR-DF

The Brazilian Federal District or Distrito Federal is a part of Brazil, which is used to shelter Brasília, the federal capital. It is in the centre of the country.


The government of Brazil was moved to Distrito Federal on April 21, 1960. Before this, the Brazilian Federal District used to be the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Afterwards, the municipality of Rio de Janeiro became the Estado da Guanabara (State of Guanabara), from 1960 until 1975. In 1975, the State of Guanabara and the State of Rio de Janeiro merged, to be named the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Originally, most of the people were local workers (called "Candangos"), who built the capital, and federal government workers who were sent to the new capital, Brasília. The capital is a planned city. It had areas built for homes, business, schools and other uses. Originally built for up to one million people, the city now has many more than one million people. Because of how the city was built, it has been hard for the city to grow. This has caused many people to live in cities around Brasília. A large percentage of the people of the Distrito Federal live outside the city now.


The white color is for peace. The green and yellow colors in the middle refer to the national colors of Brazil. The four yellow arrows are for the native people of Brazil. The arrows pointing into the four cardinal directions of the compass stands for the power moving out from the center. The yellow arrows also form a cross. This is a symbol of the Southern Cross carried by the explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral.

The flag was created by the poet Guilherme de Almeida, and was adopted by decree no. 1090 on August 25, 1969.

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