Roraima facts for kids

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State of Roraima
State
Flag of State of Roraima
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Roraima
Coat of arms
Location of State of Roraima in Brazil
Location of State of Roraima in Brazil
Country  Brazil
Area
 • Total 224,298.98 km2 (86,602.32 sq mi)
Area rank 14th
Population (2012)
 • Total 469,524
 • Rank 27th
 • Density 2.0932953/km2 (5.421610/sq mi)
 • Density rank 27th
Demonym(s) Roraimense
GDP
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 3,660,000,000 (27th)
 • Per capita R$ 9,075 (13th)
HDI
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.750 – medium (18th)
Time zone BRT-1 (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) BRST-1 (UTC-3)
Postal Code 69300-000 to 69399-000
ISO 3166 code BR-RR
Website rr.gov.br

Roraima is one of the states of Brazil. It is in the northern part of the country. It shares borders with the states of Pará and Amazonas, as well as the countries Venezuela and Guyana. Roraima is both the northernmost and least populated state of Brazil.

Geography

The climate is tropical with an average temperature of 26 °C. Most of the state is in the Amazon rainforest. A small part of the state is a small strip of savanna to the east. The state has many mineral deposits - especially gold, diamonds, cassiterite, bauxite and copper. These create constant fights with the native people. The Yanomami are the most well-known of the native people, but they are greatly out-numbered by the Macuxi.

The Monte Roraima National Park is near one of the highest mountains of Brazil, the 2727 m high Tepui Monte Roraima.

History

In 1943 the Federal Government separated the area from the state Amazonas. The territory was first named Rio Branco after the main river. In 1962, it was renamed "Roraima." In 1988, it became a state. The name of the state was taken from Monte Roraima, whose name comes from the Pemon words roroi (cyan) and ma (large).

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