Mato Grosso facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
State of Mato Grosso
State
Flag of State of Mato Grosso
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Mato Grosso
Coat of arms
Location of State of Mato Grosso in Brazil
Location of State of Mato Grosso in Brazil
Country  Brazil
Area
 • Total 903,357 km2 (348,788 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,115,336
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 3.4486211/km2 (8.931888/sq mi)
 • Density rank 25th
Demonym(s) Mato-grossense
GDP
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 35,284,000,000 (15th)
 • Per capita R$ 12,350 (8th)
HDI
 • Year 2005
 • Category 0.801 – medium (11th)
Time zone BRT-1 (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) BRST-1 (UTC-3)
Postal Code 78000-000 to 78890-000
ISO 3166 code BR-MT

Mato Grosso is one of the states of Brazil. It is in the western part of the country. Mato Grosso shares borders with the states of Rondônia, Amazonas, Pará, Tocantins, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul. It also borders the country Bolivia to the southwest. The name, Mato Grosso, means "thick jungle".

Mato Grosso is the state in Brazil in which the most deforestation of Brazil's part of the Amazon Rainforest has happened. In 1977, the state was split into two halves. This created the new state Mato Grosso do Sul. The Bororo Indians live in the Mato Grosso area.

Cities

There are few cities. The most important ones are:

  • Alta Floresta
  • Barra do Garças
  • Cáceres
  • Cuiabá, the capital
  • Rondonópolis
  • Sinop
  • Várzea Grande

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Mato Grosso Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.