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Artigas Department facts for kids

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Sacred Heart church, Artigas
Sacred Heart church, Artigas.
Flag of Artigas
Coat of arms of Artigas
Coat of arms
Location of Artigas, in red, in Uruguay
Location of Artigas, in red, in Uruguay
Country  Uruguay
Creation 1 October 1884
Capital Artigas
 • Total 11,928 km2 (4,605 sq mi)
 • Total 73,378
 • Density 6.15174/km2 (15.9329/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-03 (UYT)
ISO 3166 code UY-AR
Website Official website:

The Artigas department (Spanish: Departamento de Artigas) is a department of Uruguay. The capital is the city of Artigas.

Its ISO 3166-2 code is UY-AR.


The department and its capital city are named after José Gervasio Artigas (1764–1850), leader of the Orientales (inhabitants of the Banda Oriental, the Eastern side of the Uruguay river) during the wars of independence of Uruguay.


Artigas Department map
Map of Artigas

The Artigas department is the most northern department of Uruguay; it is in the northwestern part of the country. It has an area of 11,928 km2 (4,605 sq mi), the fifth largest in the country. The population is 73,378 inhabitants (2011 census) for a population density of 6.2.


Artigas is the only Uruguayan department that borders two other countries: Brazil and Argentina.


The department is surrounded by three rivers:

  1. Cuareim river (Portuguese: Quaraí), to the north; it makes the border with Brazil.
  2. Uruguay river to the west; it makes the border with Argentina.
  3. Arapey Chico river to the south; it separates the Artigas and Salto departments.


The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Artigas is a "Humid subtropical climate" and of the subtype Cfa.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Artigas is 1,381.8 mm (54.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is March with 142.2 mm (5.6 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 83.8 mm (3.3 in).

The average temperature for the year in Artigas is 19 °C (66 °F). The warmest month, on average, is January with an average temperature of 25.4 °C (77.7 °F). The coolest month on average is June, with an average temperature of 12.9 °C (55.2 °F).


The inhabitants of the Artigas department (and of the city of Artigas) are known, in Spanish, as Artiguenses.

Evolution of the population in Artigas

Rural population

According to the 2011 census, the Artigas department has a rural population of 3,524.

Main towns
City / Town Population
Artigas 40,658
Bella Unión 12,200
Las Piedras 2,771
Tomás Gomensoro 2,659
Baltasar Brum 2,531
Pintadito 1,642
Sequeira 1,149


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