Antigua and Barbuda facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Antigua and Barbuda
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Each Endeavouring, All Achieving"
Anthem: Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen a
and largest city
Saint John's
Official languages English
Local language Antiguan Creole
Ethnic groups (1996)
  • 91% Black
  • 4.4% Mixed
  • 1.7% White
  • 2.9% other
  • Antiguan
  • Barbudan
Government Parliamentary democracy
under unitary constitutional
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor-General Rodney Williams
 -  Prime Minister Gaston Browne
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
 -  from the United Kingdom 1 November 1981 
 -  Total 440 km2 (195th)
170 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2011 census 81,799
 -  Density 186/km2
481/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $1.579 billion
 -  Per capita $18,026
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $1.176 billion
 -  Per capita $13,428
HDI (2011) Increase 0.764
high · 60th
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Calling code +1-268
Internet TLD .ag
a. God Save The Queen is the official national anthem, but is generally used only on regal and vice-regal occasions.

Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago. In 2011, about 81,800 people lived there. The capital and largest port and city is St. John's, on Antigua. The country used to be a part of the British Empire. The nation still belongs to the British Commonwealth.



Antigua parishes english
Parishes of Antigua

Antigua and Barbuda is divided into six parishes and two dependencies:

Note: Though Barbuda and Redonda are called dependencies, they are important parts of the state. Dependency is simply a title.


Below is a list of the ten largest cities. For other cities see List of cities in Antigua and Barbuda.

  1. Saint John's 22,634
  2. All Saints 3,412
  3. Liberta 2,239
  4. Potter's Village 2,067
  5. Bolans 1,785
  6. Swetes 1,573
  7. Seaview Farm 1,486
  8. Pigotts 1,363
  9. Parham 1,276
  10. Clare Hall 1,273


Below is a list of the islands of the country.

  • Antigua – largest island
  • Barbuda
  • Bird Island
  • Bishop Island
  • Blake Island
  • Cinnamon Island
  • Codrington Island
  • Crump Island
  • Dulcina Island
  • Exchange Island
  • Five Islands
  • Great Bird Island
  • Green Island
  • Guiana Island
  • Hale Gate Island
  • Hawes Island
  • Henry Island
  • Johnson Island
  • Kid Island
  • Laviscounts Island
  • Lobster Island
  • Long Island
  • Maid Island
  • Moor Island
  • Nanny Island
  • Pelican Island
  • Prickly Pear Island
  • Rabbit Island
  • Rat Island
  • Red Head Island
  • Redonda
  • Sandy Island
  • Smith Island
  • The Sisters
  • Vernon Island
  • Wicked Will Island
  • York Island


Tourism is the main part of the economy. It is more than half of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Antigua is famous for its many luxury resorts. Investment banking and financial services are also important.


The Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force has 285 members.


English is the official language, but many of the locals speak Antiguan Creole. The Barbudan accent is slightly different from the Antiguan.

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