Papua New Guinea facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Flag Emblem
Motto: "Unity in diversity"
Anthem: O Arise, All You Sons 
and largest city
Port Moresby
Official languages
Demonym Papua New Guinean
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Michael Ogio
 -  Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
Legislature National Parliament
 -  from Australia 16 September 1975 
 -  Total 462,840 km2 (56th)
178,703 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2
 -  2011 Census preliminary results estimate 7,059,653 (102nd)
 -  2000 census 5,190,783
 -  Density 15/km2 (201st)
34.62/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $16.863 billion
 -  Per capita $2,532
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $12.655 billion
 -  Per capita $1,900
Gini (1996) 50.9
HDI (2011) Increase 0.466
low · 153rd
Currency Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+10)
(as of 2005)
Drives on the left
Calling code +675
Internet TLD .pg

Papua New Guinea is an island country near Indonesia and Australia. It is the east half of New Guinea island, plus some nearby islands. The capital city of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby. The population of Papua New Guinea are mostly the native population of the island.

The island is in both Australasia and Oceania, which are two different terms for the continent of islands in the Pacific area.


Administrative divisions

Papua New Guinea is divided into four regions. These regions are important for government, commercial, sporting and other activities.

The nation has 20 province-level divisions: eighteen, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and the National Capital District. Each province is divided into one or more districts. The districts are divided into one or more Local Level Government areas.

The province-level divisions are as follows:

  1. Central
  2. Chimbu (Simbu)
  3. Eastern Highlands
  4. East New Britain
  5. East Sepik
  6. Enga
  7. Gulf
  8. Madang
  9. Manus
  10. Milne Bay
  1. Morobe
  2. New Ireland
  3. Northern (Oro Province)
  4. Bougainville (autonomous region)
  5. Southern Highlands
  6. Western Province (Fly)
  7. Western Highlands
  8. West New Britain
  9. West Sepik (Sandaun)
  10. National Capital District
Provinces of Papua New Guinea.

Parliament has approved two additional provinces by 2012: Hela Province, which will be part of the current Southern Highlands Province, and Jiwaka Province, which will be formed by dividing Western Highlands Province.

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Papua New Guinea Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.