Papua New Guinea facts for kids

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Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Flag of Papua New Guinea
Motto: "Unity in diversity"
Anthem: O Arise, All You Sons 
Location of Papua New Guinea
and largest city
Port Moresby
Official languages
Demonym(s) Papua New Guinean
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Governor General
Michael Ogio
• Prime Minister
Peter O'Neill
Legislature National Parliament
• from Australia
16 September 1975
• Total
462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi) (56th)
• Water (%)
• 2011 Census preliminary results estimate
7,059,653 (102nd)
• 2000 census
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (201st)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$16.863 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$12.655 billion
• Per capita
Gini (1996) 50.9
HDI (2011) Increase 0.466
low · 153rd
Currency Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
Time zone UTC+10 (AEST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+10 (not observed)
(as of 2005)
Driving side left
Calling code +675
ISO 3166 code PG
Internet TLD .pg

Papua New Guinea is an island country near Indonesia and Australia. It is the east half of New Guinea island, plus some nearby islands. The capital city of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby. The population of Papua New Guinea are mostly the native population of the island.

The island is in both Australasia and Oceania, which are two different terms for the continent of islands in the Pacific area.


Administrative divisions

Papua New Guinea is divided into four regions. These regions are important for government, commercial, sporting and other activities.

The nation has 20 province-level divisions: eighteen, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and the National Capital District. Each province is divided into one or more districts. The districts are divided into one or more Local Level Government areas.

The province-level divisions are as follows:

  1. Central
  2. Chimbu (Simbu)
  3. Eastern Highlands
  4. East New Britain
  5. East Sepik
  6. Enga
  7. Gulf
  8. Madang
  9. Manus
  10. Milne Bay
  1. Morobe
  2. New Ireland
  3. Northern (Oro Province)
  4. Bougainville (autonomous region)
  5. Southern Highlands
  6. Western Province (Fly)
  7. Western Highlands
  8. West New Britain
  9. West Sepik (Sandaun)
  10. National Capital District
Provinces of Papua New Guinea.

Parliament has approved two additional provinces by 2012: Hela Province, which will be part of the current Southern Highlands Province, and Jiwaka Province, which will be formed by dividing Western Highlands Province.

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Papua New Guinea Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.