Comoros facts for kids
|Union of the Comoros
Union des Comores (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
الاتحاد القمري (Arabic)
|Motto: "Unité – Solidarité – Développement" (French)
"Unity – Solidarity – Development"
|Anthem: Udzima wa ya Masiwa (Comorian)
"The Unity of the Great Islands"
and largest city
|-||Vice President||1. Fouad Mohadji
2. Mohamed Ali Soilih
3. Nourdine Bourhane
|Legislature||Assembly of the Union|
|-||from France||6 July 1975|
|-||Total||2,235 km2 (178th (incl. Mayotte))
863 sq mi
|-||2010 estimate||798,000a (163rd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|-||Total||$869 million (179th)|
|-||Per capita||$1,252 (165th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|-||Total||$595 million (177th)|
|-||Per capita||$858 (155th)|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.433
low · 163rd
|Currency||Comorian franc (KMF)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
|Drives on the||right|
|a. Excluding Mayotte|
Comoros (officially called Union of the Comoros) is a small island nation in the Indian Ocean. It is between Madagascar and mainland Africa. The capital is Moroni on Grande Comore. The population (except for Mayotte) is about 798,000 people.
Mount Karthala is the country's highest point. Karthala is an active shield volcano on Grand Cormore. It had a minor eruption in May 2006.
The Comoros is formed by Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli) and Nzwani (Anjouan), the three major islands in the Comoros Archipelago. There are also many minor islets. The islands are officially known by their Comorian language names. International sources still use their French names (given in parentheses above). The capital and largest city is Moroni on Ngazidja.
At 2,034 km2 (785 sq mi), it is one of the smallest countries in the world. The interiors of the islands vary from steep mountains to low hills.
The climate is generally tropical and mild. The rainy season runs from December to April. It is called kashkazi/kaskazi, meaning north monsoon. The cool, dry season is from May to November. It is called kusi, meaning south monsoon.
The temperature reaches an average of 29–30 °C (84–86 °F) in March, the hottest month. The average low is 19 °C (66 °F) in the dry season. The islands are rarely subject to cyclones.
The islands have their own ecoregion, the Comoros forests.
In November 1975, the Comoros became the 143rd member of the United Nations. The citizens of Mayotte chose to become French citizens and keep their island as a French territory.
The Comoros is the world's largest producer of ylang-ylang. It is a large producer of vanilla.
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Comoros Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.