Islamic Republic facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Islamic republics
Islamic republics shown in green.

Islamic Republic is the name given to forms of government of several states. These states often have Islam as a state religion and are governed by the principles of Sharia, islamic law. Laws made by the state cannot contradict Sharia.

The following states call themselves Islamic Republic (non-exhaustive list)

  • Iran (after Shah Pahlavi was overthrown in 1979)
  • Pakistan (Since the constitution of 1956, state founded to provide a homeland for Muslims living in Colonial India, in 1947)
  • Afghanistan (since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001)
  • Mauritania (since 1958)
  • Sudan
  • Comoros (Federal Islamic Republic)
  • The Gambia (since December 2015)

Despite the similar name the countries differ greatly in their governments and laws.


Islamic Republic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.