|Republic of Zimbabwe
|Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Work"|
Simudzai Mureza wedu WeZimbabwe (Shona)
Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe (Sindebele)
Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2003)||
|-||Prime Minister||Morgan Tsvangirai|
|-||Deputy Prime Ministers||Thokozani Khuphe
|-||Lower house||House of Assembly|
|Independence from the United Kingdom|
|-||Declared||11 November 1965|
|-||Recognised||18 April 1980|
|-||Constitution of Zimbabwe||15 May 2013|
|-||Total||390,757 km2 (60th)
150,871 sq mi
|-||2012 estimate||12,619,600 (72nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2013 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
|HDI (2013)|| 0.397
low · 173rd
|Time zone||Central Africa Time (UTC+2)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||left|
|a.||The Zimbabwean dollar is no longer in active use after it was officially suspended by the government due to hyperinflation. The United States dollar (US$), South African rand (R), Botswana pula (P), Pound sterling (£) and Euro (€) are now used instead. The United States dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions.|
The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country in the southern part of the continent of Africa. Its capital city is Harare. President Robert Mugabe is the leader of the country. It is one of the most poor countries and the HID in 2010 was the worst in the world.
Zimbabwe is surrounded by other countries, and so it has no coast on the sea. This type of country is called landlocked. The countries that surround Zimbabwe are Zambia, Botswana, South Africa and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe is home to the famous waterfall, Victoria Falls, which are a feature of the river Zambezi and also the Great Zimbabwe, the ancient architectural monument from which the country was named after.
Flora and fauna
The country is mostly savanna. In the east it is moist and mountainous with tropical evergreen and hardwood forests. Trees include teak and mahogany, knobthorn, msasa and baobab. Among the many flowers and shrubs are hibiscus, spider lily, leonotus, cassia, tree wisteria and dombeya.
There are around 350 species of mammals in Zimbabwe. There are also many snakes and lizards, over 500 bird species, and 131 fish species.
The area that is now Zimbabwe was added to the British Empire around 1890. Zimbabwe is also known by its old name of Rhodesia. In 1965, it became an independent country when Prime Minister Ian Smith announced the Unilateral Declaration of Independence(U.D.I). The government was mostly controlled by the white population, similar to South Africa at the time. African citizens were given full equality in 1980, and the country's name was officially changed to Zimbabwe. Since then, Robert Mugabe has led the country. Though Mugabe was elected fairly at first, he has since become a dictator, and has put in place a number of cruel and disastrous laws.
The country Zimbabwe has a mixture of languages; Shona, Ndebele, Venda, Manyika, Nyanja, Chagani, and a unique-unified Zimbabwean English.
Zimbabwe uses the currencies of several other countries. The government uses the United States dollar. The economy is currently in a bad situation. Foreign currency reserves are at very low levels, and the Zimbabwean Dollar has become very devalued. Just recently, three zeroes were taken off the Zimbabwean dollar (for example, $1,000,000 (one million dollars) would become $1000 (one thousand dollars)). Many observers link this to Mugabe's controversial Land Reform programme.
- Agriculture: Most people in Zimbabwe work in the field of agriculture: cattle, poultry, pigs, vegetables, millet, sorghum, maize, rice, cassava, tea, coffee, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, sugar cane, timber.
- Mining: Copper, silver, tin, coal, nickel, cobalt, gold, iron ore, asbestos, chrome.
- Manufacturing: Iron, steel, food processing, textiles, brewing, wood, furniture, tobacco.
- Other: Tourism centring on the Victoria Falls and the game parks
Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities that are the same as a province.
|Matabeleland North||Lupane District|
The largest cities are:
|Cities in Zimbabwe|
|Census 1982||Census 1992||Census 2002||Est. 2007|
Zimbabwe has also done well in the Commonwealth Games and All-Africa Games. Kirsty Coventry won 11 gold medals in swimming. Zimbabwe has also been at Wimbledon and the Davis Cup in tennis. Zimbabwe has also done well in golf. Other sports played in Zimbabwe are basketball, volleyball, netball, and water polo, as well as squash, motorsport, martial arts, chess, cycling, polocrosse, kayaking and horse racing. Most of these sports don't have international representatives but instead stay at a junior or national level.
Towers of Great Zimbabwe
Ian Smith signing the Unilateral Declaration of Independence on 11 November 1965 with his cabinet in audience.
Bishop Abel Muzorewa signs the Lancaster House Agreement seated next to British Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington.
The Zambezi River in the Mana Pools National Park.
Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe since 1980.
A n'anga (Traditional Healer) of the majority (70%) Shona people, holding a kudu horn trumpet
St George's College, Harare was established in 1896 by a French Jesuit
Zimbabwe Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.