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Rugby World Cup facts for kids

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Rugby World Cup
Current season or competition:
2023 Rugby World Cup
A gold cup with two handles inscribed with "The International Rugby Football Board" and "The Web Ellis Cup"
The Webb Ellis Cup is awarded to the winner of the men's Rugby World Cup
Sport Rugby union
Instituted 1987
Number of teams 20
Regions Worldwide (World Rugby)
Holders  South Africa (2019)
Most titles  New Zealand (3 titles)
 South Africa (3 titles)

The Rugby World Cup is a men's rugby union tournament contested every four years between the top international teams. The tournament was first held in 1987, when the tournament was co-hosted by New Zealand and Australia.

The winners are awarded the Webb Ellis Cup, named after William Webb Ellis, the Rugby School pupil who, according to a popular legend, invented rugby by picking up the ball during a football game. Four countries have won the trophy; New Zealand and South Africa three times, Australia twice, and England once. South Africa are the current champions, having defeated England in the final of the 2019 tournament in Japan.

The tournament is administered by World Rugby, the sport's international governing body. Sixteen teams were invited to participate in the inaugural tournament in 1987, however since 1999 twenty teams have taken part. Japan hosted the 2019 Rugby World Cup and France will host the next in 2023.

On 21 August 2019, World Rugby announced that gender designations would be removed from the titles of the men's and women's World Cups. Accordingly, all future World Cups for men and women will officially bear the "Rugby World Cup" name. The first tournament to be affected by the new policy will be the next women's tournament to be held in New Zealand in 2021, which will officially be titled as "Rugby World Cup 2021".

Results

Tournaments

Year Host(s) Final Bronze Final Number of teams
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd place Score 4th place
1987 Australia Australia
New Zealand New Zealand

New Zealand
29–9
France

Wales
22–21
Australia
16
1991 England England
France France
Ireland Ireland
Scotland Scotland
Wales Wales

Australia
12–6
England

New Zealand
13–6
Scotland
16
1995 South Africa South Africa
South Africa
15–12
(aet)

New Zealand

France
19–9
England
16
1999 Wales Wales
Australia
35–12
France

South Africa
22–18
New Zealand
20
2003 Australia Australia
England
20–17
(aet)

Australia

New Zealand
40–13
France
20
2007 France France
South Africa
15–6
England

Argentina
34–10
France
20
2011 New Zealand New Zealand
New Zealand
8–7
France

Australia
21–18
Wales
20
2015 England England
New Zealand
34–17
Australia

South Africa
24–13
Argentina
20
2019 Japan Japan
South Africa
32–12
England

New Zealand
40–17
Wales
20
2023 France France To be determined To be determined 20

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