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Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell facts for kids

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Lord Baden-Powell
Black and white photograph of a man in military uniform, with his medals pinned to the left side of his jacket. He is wearing a wide-brimmed campaign hat and holding a walking stick with both hands, which are crossed, and hanging down in front of himself.
Nickname(s) B-P
Born (1857-02-22)22 February 1857
Paddington, London, England
Died 8 January 1941(1941-01-08) (aged 83)
Nyeri, British Kenya
St Peter's Cemetery, Nyeri, Kenya
(0°25′08″S 36°57′00″E / 0.418968°S 36.950117°E / -0.418968; 36.950117)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1876–1910
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Inspector General of Cavalry (1903)
5th Dragoon Guards (1897)
Battles/wars Anglo-Ashanti Wars
Second Matabele War
Siege of Mafeking
Second Boer War
Awards Member of the Order of Merit
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Boy Scouts Association Silver Wolf
Boy Scouts of America Silver Buffalo Award
Boy Scouts International Committee Bronze Wolf
Wateler Peace Prize
Spouse(s) Olave St Clair Soames
Children Arthur Robert Peter Baden-Powell
Heather Grace Baden-Powell
Betty St Clair Baden-Powell
Other work Founder of the international Scouting Movement; writer; artist
Signature Baden-Powell signature.svg

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, OM, GCMG, GCVO, KCB (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was an English army officer most known for starting the Scout movement. He was born in Paddington, London and went to British public schools before joining the army. Baden-Powell served in South Africa during the Anglo-Ashanti and Boer Wars, and also served in Malta. Baden-Powell's most notable service was at the Siege of Mafeking. For that, he became a major-general, and later a lieutenant general, which he was until 1910. In 1907, he founded the Boy Scouts, and wrote the first Handbook for Boys. He also started the Woodbadge program, which is based on Scoutcraft and things he learned from the Zulus. He also spied in Germany, Austria and Russia.

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