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Republic of Liberia

Coat of arms of Liberia
Coat of arms
Motto: "The Love of Liberty Brought Us Here"
Anthem: All Hail, Liberia, Hail!
Location of  Liberia  (dark green)
Location of  Liberia  (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Monrovia
6°19′N 10°48′W / 6.317°N 10.800°W / 6.317; -10.800
Official languages English
Spoken and national languages
  • Liberian English
Ethnic groups
(2008)
  • 20.3% Kpelle
  • 13.4% Bassa
  • 10% Grebo
  • 8% Gio
  • 7.9% Mano
  • 6% Kru
  • 5.1% Lorma
  • 4.8% Kissi
  • 4.4% Gola
  • 4% Krahn
  • 4% Vai
  • 3.2% Mandinka
  • 3% Gbandi
  • 1.3% Mende
  • 1.2% Sapo
  • 0.8% Belle
  • 0.3% Dey
  • 0.6% other Liberian
  • 1.4% other African
  • 0.1% non-African
Religion
Demonym(s) Liberian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
George Weah
• Vice President
Jewel Taylor
• Speaker of the House
Bhofal Chambers
Legislature Legislature of Liberia
Senate
House of Representatives
Formation and Independence from American Colonization Society
• Settlement by the American Colonization Society
January 7, 1822
• Liberian Declaration of Independence
July 26, 1847
• Annexation of Republic of Maryland
March 18, 1857
• Recognition by the United States
February 5, 1862
November 2, 1945
• Current constitution
January 6, 1986
Area
• Total
111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi) (102nd)
• Water (%)
13.514
Population
• 2015 estimate
5,073,296 (126th)
• 2008 census
3,476,608
• Density
40.43/km2 (104.7/sq mi) (180th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$6.468 billion
• Per capita
$1,413
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$3.221 billion
• Per capita
$704
Gini (2016) 35.3
medium
HDI (2019) Increase 0.480
low · 175th
Currency Liberian dollar (LRD)
Time zone UTC (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code +231
ISO 3166 code LR
Internet TLD .lr

The Republic of Liberia is a small country on the coast of West Africa. It has common borders with Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Ivory Coast. The country has a size of about 520 kilometres (320 mi) by 270 kilometres (170 mi). As of 2020, there are about 3,300,000 people in Liberia. The capital city of Liberia is Monrovia. For ships, Liberia is a flag of convenience.

Geography

Liberia is a country in Southwest Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Except for the coast, most of Liberia are low mountains, with an altitude of 300 metres (980 ft) to 500 metres (1,600 ft) above sea level. The coastal region is full of swamps, and reaches 30 kilometres (19 mi) to 50 kilometres (31 mi) inland. After that, there's a plateau at an altitude of about 400 metres (1,300 ft). About 60% of the country is covered with rainforest. To the north, there are higher mountains. There are nine big plantations of rubber trees, which are important for the economy. There are mangrove swamps near the coast. In 2019, estimates are that close to 5 million people live in Liberia. About half of them live in the capital, Monrovia. There are 15 administrative divisions, called counties. The main environmental issues in Liberia are that endangered species are hunted and eaten. This kind of meat is called bushmeat. Some of the poached animals are also sold to neighbouring countries. A big part of Liberia is rainforest. like with other rainforest contries, Slash-and-burn argicculture is a problem. Illegal logging also is. In Monrovia, there is a large pollution.

History

White Americans made the American Colonization Society and bought the land in 1822. They didn't want black people who were not slaves to be in the United States. So they took some of them to Liberia. At the start of the American Civil War (in the 1860s) about 12.000 freed slaves lived there. In the 1990s and in the early 2000s, two civil wars badly affected the country.


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