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Queen Victoria facts for kids

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Victoria
Photograph of Queen Victoria, 1882
Victoria wearing her small diamond crown
Photograph by Alexander Bassano, 1882
Queen of the United Kingdom
Reign 20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Coronation 28 June 1838
Predecessor William IV
Successor Edward VII
Prime Ministers See list
Empress of India
Reign 1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901
Imperial Durbar 1 January 1877
Successor Edward VII
Viceroys See list
Born (1819-05-24)24 May 1819
Kensington Palace, London
Died 22 January 1901(1901-01-22) (aged 81)
Osborne House, Isle of Wight
Burial 4 February 1901
Frogmore, Windsor
Spouse Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Issue
Detail
Full name
Alexandrina Victoria
House House of Hanover
Father Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Signature Victoria's signature

Contents

Queen Victoria (born Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. She was born in London to a German princess and an English prince in 1819. She became queen at the age of 18, on the death of her uncle, William IV.

She was educated by her governess, Louise Lehzen and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well.

In 1840, Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert who encouraged science, trade and art. They had nine children, and made it clear they believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example. In 1851, the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace was opened. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition featured the achievements of British people in the Victorian era.

In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria began to keep away from public life; this made her less popular. During the years that followed, Britain became more powerful, and in 1877, Victoria was given the title of "Empress of India". She became more popular with her people. In 1897, she had her Diamond Jubilee to celebrate 60 years of being on the throne.

Many of Victoria's children became monarchs, princes and princesses of other countries, and late in life she was called the "grandmother of Europe". Queen Victoria was always very interested in India, although she never went there. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, sketching, horse riding and singing; she was given lessons as a child by the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano. She kept a regular diary throughout her life.

Children

Name

Birth

Death

The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal

21 November 1840

5 August 1901

Married 1858, Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia; had children.

King Edward VII

9 November 1841

6 May 1910

Married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark; had children.

The Princess Alice

25 April 1843

14 December 1878

Married 1862, Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine; had children.

The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh

6 August 1844

31 July 1900

Married 1874, Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia; had children.

The Princess Helena

25 May 1846

9 June 1923

Married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg; had children.

The Princess Louise

18 March 1848

3 December 1939

Married 1871, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll; no children.

The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn

1 May 1850

16 January 1942

Married 1879, Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia; had children.

The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

7 April 1853

28 March 1884

Married 1882, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont; had children.

The Princess Beatrice

14 April 1857

26 October 1944

Married 1885, Prince Henry of Battenberg; had children

Ancestors

Victoria of the United Kingdom's ancestors in three generations

Victoria of the United Kingdom

Father: Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn

Paternal Grandfather: George III of the United Kingdom

Paternal Great-grandfather: Frederick, Prince of Wales

Paternal Great-grandmother: Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha

Paternal Grandmother: Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Paternal Great-grandfather: Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow

Paternal Great-grandmother: Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst

Mother: Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Maternal Grandfather: Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Maternal Great-grandfather: Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Maternal Great-grandmother: Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Maternal Grandmother: Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf

Maternal Great-grandfather: Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen

Maternal Great-grandmother: Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach

A young Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria Citizendium


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