Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsAlexandra Feodorovna
Photograph by Boasson and Eggler, 1908
|Empress consort of Russia|
|Tenure||26 November [O.S. 14 November] 1894 – 15 March [O.S. 2 March] 1917|
|Coronation||26 May [O.S. 14 May] 1896|
|Born||Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
|Died||17 July 1918
Ipatiev House, Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
|Burial||17 July 1998
Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Nicholas II of Russia (m. 1894)
|Father||Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine|
|Mother||Princess Alice of the United Kingdom|
Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872 – 17 July 1918) was Empress of Russia from her marriage to Emperor Nicholas II on 26 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 16 March [O.S. 3 March] 1917. Originally Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine at birth, she was given the name and patronymic Alexandra Feodorovna when she converted and was received into the Russian Orthodox Church. She and her immediate family were all killed while in Bolshevik captivity in 1918, during the Russian Revolution. In 2000 the Russian Orthodox Church canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer.
A favourite granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, Alexandra was, like her grandmother, one of the most famous royal carriers of the disease of haemophilia. She bore a hemophiliac heir, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsesarevich of Russia. Her reputation for encouraging her husband's resistance to the surrender of autocratic authority and her known faith in the Russian mystic Grigori Rasputin severely damaged her popularity and that of the Romanov monarchy in its final years.
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