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Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) facts for kids

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Alexandra Feodorovna
Alexandra Fyodorovna LOC 01137u.jpg
Photograph by Boasson and Eggler, 1908
Empress consort of Russia
Tenure 26 November [O.S. 14 November] 1894 – 15 March [O.S. 2 March] 1917
Coronation 26 May [O.S. 14 May] 1896
Born Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Died 17 July 1918(1918-07-17) (aged 46)
Ipatiev House, Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
Burial 17 July 1998
Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Spouse
Issue
Full name
English: Alice Victoria Helena Louise Beatrice
German: Alix Viktoria Helene Luise Beatrix
Russian: Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova
House Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Mother Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
Religion Russian Orthodox
prev. Lutheranism
Signature Alexandra Feodorovna's signature

Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June [O.S. 25 May] 1872 – 17 July 1918) was Empress of Russia from her marriage to Emperor Nicholas II on 26 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 16 March [O.S. 3 March] 1917. Originally Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine at birth, she was given the name and patronymic Alexandra Feodorovna when she converted and was received into the Russian Orthodox Church. She and her immediate family were all killed while in Bolshevik captivity in 1918, during the Russian Revolution. In 2000 the Russian Orthodox Church canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer.

A favourite granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, Alexandra was, like her grandmother, one of the most famous royal carriers of the disease of haemophilia. She bore a hemophiliac heir, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsesarevich of Russia. Her reputation for encouraging her husband's resistance to the surrender of autocratic authority and her known faith in the Russian mystic Grigori Rasputin severely damaged her popularity and that of the Romanov monarchy in its final years.

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