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Abyssinia facts for kids

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Ethiopian Empire

የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ (Amharic)
Mängəstä Ityop'p'ya
1936–1941: Government-in-exile
Motto: ኢትዮጵያ ታበፅዕ እደዊሃ ሃበ እግዚአብሐር
Ityopia tabetsih edewiha habe Igziabiher (English: "Ethiopia Stretches Her Hands unto God")
("Ethiopia Stretches Her Hands unto God") (Psalm 68:31)
"ኢትዮጵያ ሆይ ደስ ይበልሽ"
(English: "Ethiopia, be happy")
The Ethiopian Empire boundaries in 1952
The Ethiopian Empire boundaries in 1952
The location of the Ethiopian Empire during the reign of Yohannes IV (dark orange) compared with modern day Ethiopia (orange)
The location of the Ethiopian Empire during the reign of Yohannes IV (dark orange) compared with modern day Ethiopia (orange)
Capital Unspecified (1270–1635)
Gondar (1635–1855)
Magdala (1855–1868)
Mekelle (1871–1885)
Addis Ababa (1886–1974)
Common languages Ge’ez


Demonym(s) Endonym: Ethiopian Exonym: Abyssinian (in non-native sources, derived from the Arabic name for the general region "Al-Habash" and the most widely prominent pan-ethnic group the Habesha)
Government Absolute monarchy
• 1270 (first)
Yekuno Amlak
• 1930–1974 (last)
Haile Selassie
Prime Minister  
• 1909–1927 (first)
Habte Giyorgis
• 1974 (last)
Mikael Imru
Legislature Parliament
Chamber of Deputies
Historical era Middle Ages to Cold War
• Empire established
• Ethiopian-Adal war
• Italian Eritrea
• Constitution adopted
16 July 1931
• Conquered by Italy (annexed to Italian East Africa)
3 October 1935
5 May 1941
• Admitted to the UN
13 November 1945
• Coup d'état by Derg
12 September 1974
• Monarchy abolished
21 March 1975
1950 1,221,900 km2 (471,800 sq mi)
1974 1,221,900 km2 (471,800 sq mi)
• 1950
• 1974
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Zagwe dynasty
Kingdom of Semien
Emirate of Harar
Kingdom of Kaffa
Kingdom of Jimma
Imperial Government-in-Exile
Today part of  Ethiopia

The Ethiopian Empire (Ge'ez Script: የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ, Mängəstä Ityop'p'ya) or simply Ethiopia (Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā Afar: Itiyoophiyaa, Ge'ez: ኢትዮጵያ, Oromo: Itoophiyaa, Somali: Itoobiya, Tigrinya: ኢትዮጵያ), also known as "Abyssinia" by foreigners, was an old empire. It used to include modern day Ethiopia and Eritrea. When it was biggest, it controlled some parts of Egypt, Sudan, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.

Abyssinia was mentioned in Egyptian records in 980 BC. Its king made the country Christian in the 4th century. The Solomonid dynasty ruled from 1270 to 1974 A.D., when it was overthrown by communists. At the time of its overthrow, it was the longest-lasting government in the world and one of the only two nations that did not get colonized in Africa.

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Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Imperio etíope para niños

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