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House of Lords
of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Crowned portcullis in Pantone 7427 C
Lord Speaker
The Lord Fowler
Since 1 September 2016
Senior Deputy Speaker
The Lord McFall of Alcluith
Since 1 September 2016
The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, Conservative
Since 14 July 2016
  • 777
House of Lords composition.svg
Political groups
     Lord Speaker (1)
Lords Spiritual
     Bishops (26)
Lords Temporal
HM Government
     Conservative Party (243)
Confidence and supply
     Democratic Unionist Party (4)
HM Most Loyal Opposition
     Labour Party (178)
Other groups
     Liberal Democrats (96)
     Ulster Unionist Party (2)
     UK Independence Party (1)
     Green Party (1)
     Plaid Cymru (1)
     Non-affiliated (35)
     Independents (6)
     Crossbenchers (183)
Salary No annual salary, but tax-free daily allowance and expenses paid.
Meeting place
Wood panelled room with high ceiling containing comfortable red padded benches and large gold throne.
House of Lords Chamber
Palace of Westminster
City of Westminster
London, England
United Kingdom

The House of Lords is one of the two Houses of Parliament of the United Kingdom (UK). It is in London, the capital city of the UK. The other house is the House of Commons. Together the two houses form the government and parliament of the UK.

The House of Lords is not elected (voted for),

  • 2 people are members because of their job (The Duke of Norfolk, who is the Earl Marshal, and the Marquess of Cholmondeley, the Lord Chamberlain, who both help to organise royal events).
  • 90 people are hereditary peers. These are members of the House of Lords because one of their ancestors was made a member.
  • The other members were made members for life, either life peers, who have existed since 1958 or as law lords. Law lords were senior judges made members of the House to help when the House of Lords was also the highest court in England and Wales (before the foundation of the Supreme Court in 2009).
  • The twenty-six most senior Bishops of the Church of England also sit in the House of Lords, they are called the Lords Spiritual.


Many members of the House of Lords sit as Crossbenchers. This means they do not support either the government or opposition parties, but instead are independent of party politics. They got their name because the benches where they sit are placed across the aisle which separates the government and opposition supporters.

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