kids encyclopedia robot

Lord Chancellor facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Lord Chancellor
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Robert Buckland MP.jpg
Robert Buckland

since 24 July 2019
Style The Right Honourable
Appointer The Sovereign
on advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder The Lord Cowper
Formation May 1707
of Kingdom of Great Britain

The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor is a senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom. He is the second highest ranking of the Great Officers of State after the Lord High Steward. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Before the Union there were separate Lord Chancellors of England and Scotland.

Until Tony Blair became Prime Minister the Lord Chancellor was required to be a member of the House of Lords,was its presiding officer, and was Britain's highest-ranking judge. Blair tried to abolish the position and wound up removing some of its responsibilities and dividing others, and now the holder is usually in the House of Commons. The Lord Chancellor remains responsible for the Great Seal and for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts. The current Lord Chancellor is Robert Buckland.

Formerly, there were separate Chancellors of England, Scotland and Ireland. When the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland united to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain under the Acts of Union 1707 the offices of the Chancellor of England and the Lord Chancellor of Scotland were combined to form a single office of Lord Chancellor of Great Britain for the new state.

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Lord canciller para niños

kids search engine
Lord Chancellor Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.