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Chief Justice of the United States facts for kids

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Chief Justice of the
United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Official roberts CJ.jpg
John Roberts

since September 29, 2005
Style The Honorable (formal)
Mr. Chief Justice (informal)
Your Honor (when addressed directly in court)
Appointer Presidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Term length Life tenure
Constituting instrument U.S. Constitution
Inaugural holder John Jay
as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
September 26, 1789
Formation March 4, 1789

The Chief Justice of the United States is the senior judge of the Supreme Court of the United States.

He has no more powers than any of the other judges of the Supreme Court, who are called Associate Justices. The Chief Justice is responsible for organising the Court's schedules and administration.

By tradition, the Chief Justice administers the oath of office to the President when the president starts his time as president. The only time this has not happened is when Calvin Coolidge became president.

List of Chief Justices

§ Recess appointment, later rejected by the Senate on December 15, 1795
¤ Previously served as an Associate Justice, but at a time disconnected to service as Chief Justice
° Elevated from Associate Justice
Also served as U.S. President
Died in office
No. Chief Justice Image Term of Office Nominated by President
1 John Jay John Jay 1.png October 19, 1789–June 29, 1795 George Washington
2 John Rutledge §, ¤ John Rutledge.jpg July 1, 1795–December 28, 1795
3 Oliver Ellsworth Oliver Ellsworth.jpg March 8, 1796–December 15, 1800
4 John Marshall CJMarshall.jpg February 4, 1801–July 6, 1835† John Adams (F)
5 Roger Brooke Taney Roger Taney - Healy.jpg March 28, 1836–October 12, 1864† Andrew Jackson (D)
6 Salmon Portland Chase Mathew Brady, Portrait of Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, officer of the United States government (1860–1865, full version).jpg December 15, 1864–May 7, 1873† Abraham Lincoln (R)
7 Morrison Remick Waite Chief Justice Morrison Waite.jpg March 4, 1874–March 23, 1888† Ulysses S. Grant (R)
8 Melville Weston Fuller Melville Weston Fuller Chief Justice 1908.jpg October 8, 1888–July 4, 1910† Grover Cleveland (D)
9 Edward Douglass White ° Edward White, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left, 1905.jpg December 19, 1910–May 19, 1921† William Howard Taft (R)
10 William Howard Taft William Howard Taft as Chief Justice SCOTUS.jpg July 11, 1921–February 3, 1930 Warren G. Harding (R)
11 Charles Evans Hughes ¤ Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes.jpg February 24, 1930–June 30, 1941 Herbert Hoover (R)
12 Harlan Fiske Stone ° Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone photograph circa 1927-1932.jpg July 3, 1941–April 22, 1946† Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)
13 Frederick Moore Vinson Fred m vinson.jpg June 24, 1946–September 8, 1953† Harry S. Truman (D)
14 Earl Warren Earl Warren.jpg October 5, 1953–June 23, 1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower (R)
15 Warren Earl Burger Warren e burger photo.jpeg June 23, 1969–September 26, 1986 Richard Nixon (R)
16 William Hubbs Rehnquist ° William Rehnquist.jpg September 26, 1986–September 3, 2005† Ronald Reagan (R)
17 John Glover Roberts, Jr. Official roberts CJ.jpg September 29, 2005–present George W. Bush (R)
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