Calvin Coolidge facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|30th President of the United States|
August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929
|Vice President||None (1923–1925)
Charles G. Dawes (1925–1929)
|Preceded by||Warren G. Harding|
|Succeeded by||Herbert Hoover|
|29th Vice President of the United States|
March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923
|President||Warren G. Harding|
|Preceded by||Thomas R. Marshall|
|Succeeded by||Charles Dawes|
|48th Governor of Massachusetts|
January 2, 1919 – January 6, 1921
|Lieutenant||Channing H. Cox|
|Preceded by||Samuel W. McCall|
|Succeeded by||Channing H. Cox|
|46th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts|
January 6, 1916 – January 2, 1919
|Governor||Samuel W. McCall|
|Preceded by||Grafton D. Cushing|
|Succeeded by||Channing H. Cox|
|President of the Massachusetts Senate|
|Preceded by||Levi H. Greenwood|
|Succeeded by||Henry Gordon Wells|
|Member of the Massachusetts Senate|
|Preceded by||Allen T. Treadway|
|Succeeded by||John B. Hull|
|Constituency||Berkshire, Hampden, and Hampshire District|
|Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts|
|Preceded by||James W. O'Brien|
|Succeeded by||William Feiker|
|Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives|
|Preceded by||Moses M. Bassett|
|Succeeded by||Charles A. Montgomery|
John Calvin Coolidge Jr.
July 4, 1872
Plymouth Notch, Vermont
|Died||January 5, 1933
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Plymouth Notch Cemetery|
Grace Goodhue (m. 1905)
|Alma mater||Amherst College|
Calvin Coolidge (born John Calvin Coolidge Jr.; July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was the President of the United States between 1923 and 1929. He was a conservative who supported business and lower taxes.
He was the only President of the United States to be born on July 4. He was married to Grace Coolidge and had 2 children: John Calvin Coolidge III (born September 6, 1906 - died May 31, 2000) and John Calvin Jr. (born April 13, 1908 - died July 7, 1924). His younger son John Calvin Coolidge IV died at 16 while playing tennis at the White House. His son was wearing tennis shoes without socks and died from a toe infection. He was buried at the foot of Hill Cemetery. After this, President Coolidge may have been depressed.
Coolidge served as the Mayor of Northampton, Massachusetts. He later served as the Governor of Massachusetts. As governor, he became famous because of his response during the Boston Police Strike. Coolidge fired the police who went on strike and gave the jobs to unemployed World War 1 veterans (he gave the same bonuses that the striking policemen asked for to the veterans).
In 1920, he was nominated Vice President under Warren G. Harding. The Harding-Coolidge team won easily. Harding died in 1923 and Coolidge became the next President. He was inaugurated at his family farm in Vermont by his father John Calvin Coolidge Sr.
Coolidge finished Harding's term and was elected in 1924 to continue to be the country's president.
Coolidge was president during a prosperous economy and the country did not face many challenges. He believed that the federal government should be as small as possible. He supported tax cuts and wanted the federal government to keep its hands off the economy. Some think this is linked to the Great Depression.
Coolidge was criticized for refusing to give subsidies to farmers and when a giant flood happened in Mississippi during 1927, he did not want the federal government to be involved. This was part of his belief of federalism, that the country's problems should be solved mainly by state governments and local governments rather than the federal government.
He did not run for re-election in 1928.
The legacy of Calvin Coolidge is mixed. People who support more federal government involvement in the economy do not like him. People who support less federal government involvement in the economy like him.
Interesting facts about Calvin Coolidge
- Calvin Coolidge was the 30th president of the United States (1923–29).
- He was sworn into office by his own father, John Calvin Coolidge.
- Calvin Coolidge was nicknamed "Silent Cal" because he did not talk much.
- His wife was a teacher at the Clarke Institute for the Deaf. She raised awareness for deaf people and also invited Helen Keller to the White House.
- He was famous for not reinstating officers who had been fired during a strike by Boston police in 1919 saying “There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, any time.”
- For exercise he rode a mechanical horse in the White House.
- He was the only president born on the 4th of July.
- He was given a raccoon to eat for Thanksgiving dinner in 1926. Being an animal lover he decided to pardon the raccoon and it became a family pet called Rebecca. In 1928 it was given to a zoo.
- Coolidge was the only president to have his portrait on a coin during his lifetime
Images for kids
Coolidge as an Amherst College undergraduate
Coolidge's home (1906−1930) in Northampton, Massachusetts
President Coolidge signing appropriation bills for the Veterans Bureau on the South Lawn during the garden party for wounded veterans, June 5, 1924. General John J. Pershing is at left. The man at right, looking on, appears to be Veterans Bureau Director Frank T. Hines.
Coolidge with his vice president, Charles G. Dawes
Osage Native Americans with President Coolidge in 1925.
Coolidge appointed Harlan F. Stone first as Attorney General and then as a Supreme Court Justice.
Calvin Coolidge Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.