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John Jay
John Jay (Gilbert Stuart portrait).jpg
1st Chief Justice of the United States
In office
September 26, 1789 – June 29, 1795
Nominated by George Washington
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by John Rutledge
2nd Governor of New York
In office
July 1, 1795 – June 30, 1801
Lieutenant Stephen Van Rensselaer
Preceded by George Clinton
Succeeded by George Clinton
Acting United States Secretary of State
In office
September 15, 1789 – March 22, 1790
President George Washington
Preceded by Himself as Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by Thomas Jefferson
United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
July 27, 1789 – September 15, 1789
Acting
President George Washington
Preceded by Himself
Succeeded by Himself as Secretary of State
In office
May 7, 1784 – March 4, 1789
Appointed by Confederation Congress
Preceded by Robert Livingston
Succeeded by Himself (acting)
United States Minister to Spain
In office
September 27, 1779 – May 20, 1782
Appointed by Second Continental Congress
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by William Carmichael
6th President of the Second Continental Congress
In office
December 10, 1778 – September 28, 1779
Preceded by Henry Laurens
Succeeded by Samuel Huntington
Delegate to the Second Continental Congress
from New York
In office
December 7, 1778 – September 28, 1779
Preceded by Philip Livingston
Succeeded by Robert Livingston
In office
May 10, 1775 – May 22, 1776
Preceded by Seat established
Succeeded by Seat abolished
Delegate to the First Continental Congress
from Province of New York
In office
September 5, 1774 – October 26, 1774
Preceded by Seat established
Succeeded by Seat abolished
Personal details
Born (1745-12-23)December 23, 1745
New York City, New York, British America
Died May 17, 1829(1829-05-17) (aged 83)
Bedford, New York, U.S.
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s) Sarah Livingston
Children 6, including Peter and William
Education Columbia University (BA, MA)
Signature

John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American politician, statesman, revolutionary, and diplomat. He was a Supreme Court Chief Justice and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Jay served in the Continental Congress and was elected President of that body. During and after the American Revolution, he was a minister (ambassador) to Spain and France, helping to fashion American foreign policy and to secure favorable peace terms from the British and French. He co-wrote the Federalist Papers with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison.

Jay served on the U.S. Supreme Court as the first Chief Justice of the United States from 1789 to 1795. In 1794 he negotiated the Jay Treaty with the British. A leader of the new Federalist party, Jay was governor of New York from 1795 to 1801. He was the leading opponent of slavery and the slave trade in New York. His first attempt to pass emancipation legislation failed in 1777 and failed again in 1785, but he succeeded in 1799, signing the law that eventually emancipated the slaves of New York; the last were freed before his death.



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