kids encyclopedia robot

Federalist Party facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Federalist Party
Other name Federalists
Leader Alexander Hamilton (1789–1792)
John Jay (1792–1795)
John Adams (1795–1802)
Charles C. Pinckney (1802–1806)
DeWitt Clinton (1806–1813)
Rufus King (1813–1824)
Founder Alexander Hamilton
Founded c. 1789
Dissolved c. 1824
Preceded by Pro-Administration party
Succeeded by National Republican Party
Headquarters Washington D.C., U.S.
Essays The Federalist Papers
Newspaper Gazette of the United States
Ideology Hamiltonianism
 • Federalism
 • Conservatism
 • Centralization
 • Modernization
 • American School
 • Protectionism
 • Implied powers
 • Pro-Jay Treaty
 • Nationalism
Political position Center-right to right-wing
Religion Congregational church
Senate (1799)
(6th U.S. Congress)
22 / 32
House (1799)
(6th U.S. Congress)
60 / 106

^ a: The Federalist Party appealed to businesses and to conservatives who favored a strong central government
led by a vigorous executive branch, a strong commercial
economy, government-controlled banks, domestic manufacturing, strong military, and in world affairs preferred friendly relationships with Great Britain in opposition to the Revolutionary French Republic.
Alexander Hamilton
A portrait of Alexander Hamilton by John Trumbull, 1792.

The Federalist Party (or Federal Party) was an American political party from 1792 to 1816. The Federalists controlled the federal government until 1801. Alexander Hamilton formed the party during George Washington's first term. Hamilton built a network of supporters for his financial policies. Many supporters came from cities. These supporters grew into the Federalist Party, which wanted a fiscally sound and strong nationalistic government.

With the start of the new government under the Constitution, President George Washington appointed his former chief of staff, Alexander Hamilton, to the office of Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton wanted a strong national government with financial credibility.

By 1790, Hamilton started building a nationwide coalition. He and his network of treasury agents tried to link together friends of the government, especially merchants and bankers, in the new nation's dozen major cities. His attempts to manage politics in the national capital to get his plans through Congress, then, "brought strong responses across the country. In the process, what began as a capital faction soon assumed status as a national faction and then, finally, as the new Federalist party."

The party opposed the War of 1812 and dwindled away after the war in 1816.

Hamilton and others published a number of newspaper articles from about 1790, which are known as Federalist Papers today.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Federalist Party Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.