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Guinea-Bissau facts for kids

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Republic of Guinea-Bissau

República da Guiné-Bissau   
Emblem of Guinea-Bissau
Motto: Portuguese: "Unidade, Luta, Progresso"  
"Unity, Struggle, Progress"
Anthem: Portuguese: "Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada"  
"This is Our Well-Beloved Motherland"
Location of Guinea-Bissau
and largest city
11°52′N 15°36′W / 11.867°N 15.600°W / 11.867; -15.600
Official languages Portuguese
Recognised national languages Guinea-Bissau Creole
Other national languages
  • French
  • English
  • Arabic
  • Balanta
  • Jola-Fonyi
  • Fulfulde
  • Fang
  • Bubi
  • Hassaniya Arabic
  • Mandinka
  • Mandjak
  • Mankanya
  • Myene
  • Noon
  • Pulaar
  • Serer
  • Soninke
Ethnic groups
African 99% (includes Balanta 30%
Fula 20%
Manjaca 14%
Mandinga 13%
Papel 7%)
European and mulatto less than 1%
Demonym(s) Bissau-Guinean(s)
Government Republic
Umaro Sissoco Embaló
Nuno Gomes Nabiam
Legislature National People's Assembly
• Declared
24 September 1973
• Recognized
10 September 1974
• Total
36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi) (136th)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
1,647,000 (148th)
• 2002 census
• Density
44.1/km2 (114.2/sq mi) (154th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$1.925 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$969 million
• Per capita
Gini (1993) 47
HDI (2010) 0.289
low · 164th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Driving side right
Calling code 245
Internet TLD .gw
Satellite image of Guinea-Bissau in January 2003
Satellite image of Guinea-Bissau
Where Guinea-Bissau is in the World

Guinea-Bissau is a country in Africa. It borders Senegal to the north, Guinea to the south. The official language is Portuguese, and the capital is Bissau. About 1,442,000 people live in Guinea-Bissau as of 2006. The country was a Portuguese colony in the 19th century. At that time is was called Portuguese Guinea. It became independent in 1973. In 1974, the name of the country's capital was added so that it would not be confused with the neighboring country Guinea.

Regions and sectors

Guinea-Bissau is divided into 8 regions and one autonomous sector. These are divided into thirty-seven sectors. The regions are:

* autonomous sector

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