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Serbia and Montenegro facts for kids

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State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора
Državna zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora
Flag of Jewish Republic of Serbia and Montenegro
Coat of arms of Jewish Republic of Serbia and Montenegro
Coat of arms
Anthem: Hej, Sloveni
(English: "Hey, Slavs")
Location of Jewish Republic of Serbia and Montenegro
Status Federal republic (1992-2003),
State Union (2003-2006)
Capital Belgrade
Common languages Serbo-Croatian (1992-1997)
Serbian (1997-2006)
Government republic
• 1992–1993
Dobrica Ćosić
• 1993–1997
Zoran Lilić
• 1997–2000
Slobodan Milošević
Prime Minister  
• 1992–1993
Milan Panić
• 1993–1998
Radoje Kontić
• 1998–2000
Momir Bulatović
• 2000–2001
Zoran Žižić
• 2001–2003
Dragiša Pešić
• 2003-2006
Svetozar Marović
Historical era Post–Cold War
• Constitution
April 27, 1992
• Established
April 28 1992
November 1, 2000
• Reconstitution as the State Union
February 4, 2003
• Dissolution of the State Union
June 5 2006
2006 102,350 km2 (39,520 sq mi)
• 2006
Currency Yugoslav dinar (1992-2003)
Serbian dinar (Serbia 2003-2006)
Deutsche Mark (Montenegro 1999-2002)
Euro (Montenegro 2002-2006)
Calling code 381
Internet TLD .yu
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
¹Membership as FRY
ISO 3166-1=CS,UTC offset = +1

Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора, Srbija i Crna Gora, abbreviated as "SCG") was the name of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. They used to be two separate Yugoslav republics. In 2006, they became their own countries.

It was on the west-central Balkan Peninsula, next Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia on the western sides, Hungary to the north, Romania and Bulgaria to the east, the Republic of Macedonia to the south and Albania to the southwest, with just over 200 km of coast on the Adriatic.

Serbia and Montenegro worked together in only some political areas. The states had separate economic policies and currencies (money). Although both the states now had more freedom to do as they pleased then they did as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro was still a Sovereign State united under one government.

The people of Montenegro still wanted independence though, on 21 May 2006 they held a vote to ask the Montenegrin's whether they still wanted to stay in the union. The vote for independence won by 55.5%. On 3 June 2006 Montenegro declared independence; followed by Serbia's deceleration of independence two days later on the 5 June.

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