Judo
柔道
Judo.svg
Jigoro Kano and Kyuzo Mifune (restoration).jpg
Kyuzo Mifune (left) and Kanō Jigorō (right)
Focus Grappling
Hardness Full contact
Country of origin  Japan
Creator Kanō Jigorō
Parenthood Various koryū jujutsu schools, principally Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū and Kitō-ryū
Descendant arts Bartitsu, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, Hapkido, Kosen judo, Krav Maga, Kūdō, Modern arnis, Sambo,Shoot wrestling, Submission wrestling, Vale tudo
Olympic sport Since 1964 (men) and 1992 (women)
Official website International Judo Federation (IJF)
The Kodokan

Judo was created as a physical, mental and moral exercise in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano. It is generally categorized as a modern martial art which later evolved into a combat and Olympic sport.

Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice. A judo practitioner is called a judoka.

Rank and grading

Judo Morote Seoi Nage by Bryan small
A shoulder throw (called seoi-nage in Japanese) at Judo rank graduation, Japan

Judo is a hierarchical art, where seniority of judoka is designated by what is known as the nihongo ranking system. This system was developed by Jigoro Kano. Beginning students progress through various grades.

A judoka's position within the kyu-dan ranking system is displayed by the color of their belt. Beginning students typically wear a white belt, progressing through ranks until they are deemed to have achieved a level sufficient to be a dan grade, at which point they wear the Black belt. The kyu-dan ranking system has since been widely adopted by modern martial arts.

Related pages

Images


Judo Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.