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Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic


  • Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ (Romanian)
    Republica Moldovenească Nistreană

  • Приднестровская Молдавская Республика (Russian)
    Pridnestrovskaja Moldavskaja Respublika

  • Придністровська Молдавська Республіка (Ukrainian)
    Prydnistrovsĭka Moldavsĭka Respublika
Flag of Transnistria
Flag
Coat of arms of Transnistria
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Мы славим тебя, Приднестровье (Russian)
My slavim tebja, Pridnestrovje  (transliteration)
We sing the praises of Transnistria

Location of Transnistria
Status Unrecognised state
Recognised by the United Nations as de jure part of Moldova
Capital
and largest city
Tiraspol
Official languages
Inter-ethnic
language
Russian
Ethnic groups
(2015 census)
Demonym(s) Transnistrian, Pridnestrovian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Vadim Krasnoselsky
• Prime Minister
Aleksandr Martynov
• Speaker of the Supreme Council
Alexander Shcherba
Legislature Supreme Council
Partially recognised state
• Independence from SSR of Moldova declared
2 September 1990
• Independence from Soviet Union declared
25 August 1991
• Succeeds the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
5 November 1991
• Transnistria War
2 March – 21 July 1992
• Recognition
3 non-UN membersc
Area
• Total
4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.35
Population
• 2018 estimate
469,000
• Density
114/km2 (295.3/sq mi)
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate
• Total
US$1.0 billion
• Per capita
US$2,000
Currency Transnistrian rubled (PRB)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Calling code +373e
Internet TLD nonef
  1. Russian is the main official language.
  2. The Romanian language written in Cyrillic script is officially called Moldovan in Transnistria.
  3. Limited to the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, Republic of Artsakh and South Ossetia (see Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations).
  4. Moldovan leu used in those areas under Moldovan control and in the security zone.
  5. +373 5 and +373 2.
  6. .md and .com are mostly used TLDs here, some companies use .ru as well.

Transnistria, Transdniestria, or Pridnestrovie, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR; Russian: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика), is a partially-recognized state in Eastern Europe.

During the Romanian occupation of 1941–44, between 150,000 and 250,000 Ukrainian and Romanian Jews were deported to Transnistria; the majority were executed or died from other causes in ghettos and concentration camps of the Governorate.

After the Red Army reconquered the area in 1944, Soviet authorities executed, exiled or imprisoned hundreds of the Moldavian SSR inhabitants in the following months on charges of collaboration with the "German-fascist occupiers". A later campaign was directed against the rich peasant families, who were deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia. Over the course of two days, 6–7 July 1949, a plan named "Operation South" saw the deportation of over 11,342 families by order of the Moldovian Minister of State Security, Iosif Mordovets.

The country is recognized by three other partially or unrecognized states, Abkhazia, Nargorno-Karabakh Republic, and South Ossetia. The country declared independence from Moldova on 2 September 1990. With the help of the Russian army, it defeated the Moldovan army in the War of Transnistria.

There has been peace since 1992, but the Council of Europe calls Transnistria a "frozen conflict" region.

There is argument about whether it is really a country or not. The region continues to boast independence, and acts independently over its territory with the help of peacekeeping forces from foreign countries.

In a vote in 17 September 2006, 97% voted to be free from Moldova. This vote has not been accepted by Moldova, which calls the territory the "Territory of the Left Bank of the Dniester".

Transnistria is the only independent state to still use the hammer and sickle on its flag.

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