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Timurid Empire

تیموریان
1370–1526
Flag of Timurid Empire
Flag of the Timurid dynasty[a]
Timurid Empire at its greatest extent
Timurid Empire at its greatest extent
Status Empire in Middle east and Central Asia
Capital Samarkand, Herat
Common languages Chaghatai (initially, limited) & Persian (major, official)
Religion
Islam
Government Monarchy
Emir  
• 1370–1405
Timur
• 1506–1507
Muzaffar Hussayn
Historical era Medieval
• Founded by Timur
1370
• Samarkand conquered by Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani
1509
• Herat conquered by Shaybani
1507
• Disestablished
1526
Area
1405 est. 4,400,000 km2 (1,700,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Chagatai Khanate
Kara Koyunlu
Golden Horde
Khanate of Bukhara
Safavid dynasty
Mughal Empire
Khanate of Khiva
a: Flag of the Timurid Empire according to the Catalan Atlas c. 1375

The Timurid Empire was an Persianate empire that included all of Iran, modern Afghanistan, and modern Central Asia. It also included large parts of modern Pakistan, Mesopotamia, Anatolia and the Caucasus. It was formed by the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) of the Timurid dynasty in the 14th century.

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