Nauru facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Republic of Nauru

Ripublik Naoero
Flag of Naoero
Coat of arms
"Nauru Bwiema"
"Nauru, our homeland"
Location of  Nauru  (dark green)– in Oceania  (& dark grey)– in Micronesia  ()  —  [Legend]
Location of  Nauru  (dark green)

– in Oceania  (& dark grey)
– in Micronesia  ()  —  [Legend]

and largest city
None (Yaren (de facto))
Official languages Nauruan, English
Demonym(s) Nauruan
Government Parliamentary republic
• President
Baron Waqa
• Speaker of the Parliament
Ludwig Scotty
Legislature Parliament
• Nauru
21 km2 (8.1 sq mi) (239th)
• Jul 2011 estimate
• Density
447/km2 (1,157.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
• Total
$36.9 million (192nd)
• Per capita
$2,500 (141st)
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Time zone UTC+12
Driving side left
Calling code +674
Internet TLD .nr
Flag of Nauru
The flag of Nauru.
Nauru satellite
Nauru from the sky.

Nauru is a small island in the Pacific Ocean. It's 42 kilometers south of the equator and has a surface area of 23.3km². It sells phosphate (a chemical) to other countries, mostly Australia, and this accounts for a very large part of Nauru's jobs. English and Nauruan are the official languages of Nauru. Nauru has no official capital, but its biggest city is Yaren. The current president of Nauru is Baron Waqa. There are 14 districts in Nauru: Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe and Yaren.


Nauru was invaded by Germany in 1888, and a Germany and Britain began mining the island's phosphate together early in the 20th century. Japan invaded Nauru in 1942 and left the island in 1945. It became a country in 1968 and joined the United Nations in 1999.

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Nauru Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.