Kiribati facts for kids
|Republic of Kiribati
|Motto: "Te Mauri, Te Raoi ao Te Tabomoa"
"Health, Peace and Prosperity"
|Anthem: Teirake Kaini Kiribati
Stand up, Kiribati
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2000)||98.8% Micronesian
|Legislature||House of Assembly|
|-||from the United Kingdom||12 July 1979|
|-||Total||811 km2 (186th)
313 sq mi
|-||2010 estimate||103,500 (197th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2013)|| 0.629
medium · 121st
Australian dollar (AUD)
|Time zone||(UTC+12, +13, +14)|
|Drives on the||left|
Kiribati used to be called the Gilbert Islands. In 1892, the Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate with the Ellice Islands (nowadays known as Tuvalu), together called Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Kiribati became an independent republic in 1979.
Kiribati signed a "Treaty of Friendship and Territorial Sovereignty" (also called the "Treaty of Tarawa") with the United States in 1979. The USA gave up its claims to the islands of Canton, Enderbury, Hull, Birnie, Gardner, Phoenix, Sydney, McKean, Christmas, Caroline, Starbuck, Malden, Flint, and Vostok in that treaty. 
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Kiribati Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.