Liechtenstein facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Principality of Liechtenstein
Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Für Gott, Fürst und Vaterland
For God, Prince and Fatherland
Anthem: 
Oben am jungen Rhein
"Up on the Young Rhine"
Location of  Liechtenstein  (green)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Liechtenstein  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Location of  Liechtenstein  (green)
Location of  Liechtenstein  (green)
Capital Vaduz
Largest city Schaan
Official languages German
Demonym Liechtensteiner (male), Liechtensteinerin (female)
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and
constitutional monarchy
 -  Prince Hans-Adam II
 -  Regent Alois
 -  Prime Minister Adrian Hasler
 -  Landtag Speaker Arthur Brunhart
Independence as principality
 -  Treaty of Pressburg 1806 
 -  Independence from the German Confederation 1866 
Area
 -  Total 160 km2 (215th)
61 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2010 estimate 36,010 (209th)
 -  2000 census 33,307
 -  Density 224/km2 (57th)
581/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $3.409 billion (163rd)
 -  Per capita $95,249 (2nd)
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $4.797 billion (147th)
 -  Per capita $134,045 (2nd)
HDI (2010) Increase 0.905
very high · 8th
Currency Swiss franc (CHF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +423
Internet TLD .li
LocationLiechtenstein.png

Liechtenstein is a country in Western Europe. It is the sixth smallest country in the world and, with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries. This means that it is landlocked by a landlocked country. Liechtenstein is between Austria and Switzerland. It was a part of the Holy Roman Empire until 1806 when it became an independent principality.

Liechtenstein was linked with Austria until the end of World War I, after which it became linked with Switzerland in a customs union. The heir to the throne is usually called Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein.

The official language in Liechtenstein is German.

The capital of Liechtenstein is Vaduz, a very small town of 5000 people. Liechtenstein is famous for its many private banks. It also has more companies than people.

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