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Schaan
Municipality
Church of St. Laurentius
Church of St. Laurentius
Flag of Schaan
Flag
Coat of arms of Schaan
Coat of arms
Schaan and its exclaves in Liechtenstein
Schaan and its exclaves in Liechtenstein
Country  Liechtenstein
Electoral district Oberland
Villages none
Area
 • Total 26.8 km2 (10.3 sq mi)
Elevation 450 m (1,480 ft)
Population (31-12-2017)
 • Total 6,039
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9494
Area code(s) 7005
ISO 3166 code LI-07
Website www.schaan.li

Schaan (German pronunciation: [ʃaːn]) is the largest municipality of Liechtenstein by population. It is located to the north of Vaduz, the capital, in the central part of the country. As of 2015 it has a population of 5,983 making it the most populous administrative district in Liechtenstein, representing an important traffic hub and industrial location of the country. Schaan covers an area of 26.8 km2, including mountains and forest. It is a municipality within the electoral district of Oberland in the Principality of Liechtenstein. Schaan has four enclaves, two of which belonging to Vaduz and Planken.

History

Recent archaeological finds have shown that Schaan has been inhabited for over 6000 years: In the year 15 BC, The Romans conquered, under Augustus, the territory of the present Principality of Liechtenstein and built the Roman province of Raetia. In the 1st century AD, a Military Highway from Milan-Bregenz was created, which ran along the Luzisteig along the right bank of the Rhine, leading to the building of settlements in modern-day Schaan. Also from the 1st century AD are two Roman legionnaire's helmets, which were found in 1887 during digging work above Dux and probably as dedications of the two Roman legionaries Publius Cavidius Felix and Numerius Pomponius, whose names are engraved on the helmets, buried here. They are now housed in the museums of Bregenz and Zurich. The most important Roman building on the municipal land is a fort built in the valley, which was built to protect against the ever more frequent Alemannic invasions. Remains of its foundations and the gate tower are again visible from St. Peter's Church, Schaan. A baptistery from the 5th century, which was found during excavations inside this church, suggests an early Christianization. During excavations, there were also older traces of settlement from prehistoric times.

The Alemannic settlement document numerous grave finds. At that time Schaan consisted of two separate parts: The Romanized Räter-people had their centre at St. Peter, while the Alemannic population settled in the area of Specki. This dichotomy can still be seen today in the existence of two alpine cooperatives, the North-Alemannic cooperative Gritsch and the southern Rhaeto-Romanian cooperative Guschg.

Geography

Schaan is the northernmost municipality in the Liechtenstein Oberland. It is bordered to the south by the capital, Vaduz, to the east by Planken and Triesenberg, and to the north by the municipalities of Eschen and Gamprin. In the west, the Rhine forms the natural border with Switzerland, and in the east, the town is dominated by the Three Sisters mountain range. Schaan also has four exclaves within other municipalities, and two enclaves within its municipality.

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