Andorra facts for kids
|Principality of Andorra
|Motto: "Virtus Unita Fortior" (Latin)
"Strength United is Stronger"
|Anthem: El Gran Carlemany, Mon Pare (Catalan)
The Great Charlemagne, my Father
and largest city
|Andorra la Vella
|Ethnic groups||36.6% Andorran, 33.0% Spanish, 16.3% Portuguese, 6.3% French, 7.8% others.|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional diarchy|
|-||Co-Princes||Joan Enric Vives Sicília
|-||Representatives||Nemesi Marqués Oste
|-||Prime Minister||Antoni Martí|
|-||Paréage||from the Crown of Aragon|
|-||Total||467.63 km2 (191st)
180.55 sq mi
|-||Water (%)||0.26 (121.4 ha)|
|-||31 December 2009 estimate||84,082 (194th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2008 estimate|
|-||Total||$4.22 billion (155th)|
|-||Per capita||$44,900 (9th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2008 estimate|
|-||Total||$2.893 billion (155th)|
|-||Per capita||$34,240 (28th)|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.838
very high · 32nd
|Currency||Euro (€)1 (EUR)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||right|
|1.||Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.|
|2.||Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.|
|3.||Spanish, French, and Portuguese are also widely spoken and understood. (See Languages of Andorra)|
Andorra (officially called the Principality of Andorra) is a European country between Spain and France. There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.
Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.
The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.
Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.
Andorra doesn't have an Army. France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.
Andorra has seven parishes:
The largest cities in Andorra are:
|1||Andorra la Vella||19,319|
|4||Sant Julià de Lòria||7,518|
|8||El Pas de la Casa||2,613|
For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.
Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.
The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.
A satellite image of Andorra
Images for kids
Roc de les Bruixes prehistorical sanctuary located in Canillo (detail).
The six old parishes named by their patron saint as depicted in the Acta de Consagració i Dotació de la Catedral de la Seu d'Urgell (839).
Monument commemorating in 1978 the 700th anniversary of the Paréages, located outside Casa de la Vall in the capital city of Andorra la Vella.
The embassy of Andorra in Brussels
Andorra Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.