kids encyclopedia robot

Andorra facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Principality of Andorra

Principat d'Andorra  (Catalan)a
Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
United virtue is stronger
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany  (Catalan)
The Great Charlemagne
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Andorra la Vella
Script error: The function "coordinsert" does not exist.
Official languages Catalanb
Ethnic groups
(2012)
49% Andorran
24.6% Spanish
14.3% Portuguese
3.9% French
8.2% others
Demonym(s) Andorran
Government Unitary parliamentary semi-elective diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Emmanuel Macron
• Representatives
Josep Maria Mauri
Patrick Strzoda
• Prime Minister
Antoni Martí
Legislature General Council
Independence
• from Aragon
1278
• from the French Empire
1814
• Constitution
1993
Area
• Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)c
Population
• 2018 estimate
77,006
• Density
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$3.249 billion (162nd)
• Per capita
$36,987 (26th)
Gini (2003) 27.21d
low
HDI (2016) Increase 0.858
very high · 32nd
Currency Euroe (EUR)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving side right
Calling code +376
ISO 3166 code AD
Internet TLD .adf
  1. Constitution of Andorra. In Spanish and Portuguese: Principado de Andorra, in French: Principauté d'Andorre.
  2. Spanish, Portuguese and French are also each natively spoken by a significant minority
  3. (in French) Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre.
  4. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  5. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.

Andorra (Listeni/ænˈdɒrə/), officially the Principality of Andorra, is a landlocked sovereign country located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains of Southern Europe and bordered by Spain and France. There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.

Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.

The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.

It is not a member of the European Union. The euro is the money used.

History

It is said that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) gave the Andorran people their country in return for fighting against the Moors.

Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.

Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I. It did not do any fighting. They stayed against Germany until 1957 because they were not in the Treaty of Versailles.

Andorra doesn't have an Army. France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.

Parishes

Andorra has seven parishes:

Geography

Andorra is in the Pyrenees mountain range. The highest mountain is Coma Pedrosa.

Cities

The largest cities in Andorra are:

Ranking Name Population
1 Andorra la Vella 19,319
2 Escaldes-Engordany 14,395
3 Encamp 8,470
4 Sant Julià de Lòria 7,518
5 La Massana 4,987
6 Santa Coloma 2,937
7 Ordino 2,780
8 El Pas de la Casa 2,613
9 Canillo 2,025
10 Arinsal 1,555

For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.

Religion

The population of Andorra is mostly (90%) Roman Catholic. Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.

Education

Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.

The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.

Related pages

Images for kids

kids search engine
Andorra Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.