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Canillo
Sant Joan de Caselles church
Sant Joan de Caselles church
Flag of Canillo
Flag
Coat of arms of Canillo
Coat of arms
Canillo in Andorra
Canillo parish, in red, in Andorra
Country Andorra
Capital Canillo
Villages See list
Area
 • Total 121 km2 (47 sq mi)
Elevation
1,530 m (5,020 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total 4,124
 • Density 34.08/km2 (88.3/sq mi)
Demonym(s) canillencs
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
AD100
ISO 3166 code AD-01
Website Official website

Canillo is one of the seven parishes of Andorra. It is in the northeast of the country. Canillo is also the name of the main town of the parish.

The town of Canillo is the religious centre of Andorra because here is the Mare de Déu de Meritxell ("Our Lady of Meritxell") Basilica. Our Lady of Meritxell is the patron saint of Andorra.

Geography

The Canillo parish is in the northeastern part of the country and borders with the Ariège department to the north and east, with the Pyrénées-Orientales department (France) to the southeast, with the Encamp parish to the south and the Ordino parish to the west.

The highest mountain in the parish is Pic de l'Estanyó (42°36′31″N 1°35′33″E / 42.60861°N 1.59250°E / 42.60861; 1.59250 (Pic de l'Estanyó)) with an elevation of 2,915 m (9,564 ft) above sea level; it is on the border with the Ordino parish.

The main river in Canillo is the Valira d'Orient, also known as Valira d’Encamp.

The largest lake of Andorra, Estany de Juclà ("Juclar lake"), is in the Canillo parish; it has an area of 0.21 km2 (0.08 sq mi).

Population

The parish had a population, in 2015, of 4,124 inhabitants, for a population density of 34.1 persons/km².

Evolution of the population in Canillo

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Change in population
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 2015
808 1,153 1,915 2,518 3,014 5,067 4,826 4,124

Villages

The urban areas in the parish are:

No. Town Population
(2015)
Altitude
(m)
Notes
1 L'Aldosa de Canillo 194 1,675 Also known simply as L'Aldosa.
2 Canillo 1,977 1,531 The capital of the parish.
3 El Forn 75 2,178 Also known as Les Cases del Forn.
4 El Tarter 672 1,721 On the right side of the Valira d'Orient river.
5 El Vilar 9 1,675 Also known as El Vilar de Canillo. On the right side of the Valira d'Orient river.
6 Els Plans 11 1,722
7 Incles 330 1,925 On the right side of the Incles river.
8 Meritxell 62 1,527 On the right side of the Valira d'Orient river. Here is the Our Lady of Meritxell Basilica.
9 Prats 51 1,326
10 Ransol 184 1,745 On the right side of the Valira d'Orient river.
11 Soldeu 559 1,825 On the right side of the Valira d'Orient river.

Economy

The main economic activity is tourism and the parish is a major tourism destination during winter.

Sites of interest

  • The new Our Lady of Meritxell Basilica in Meritxell.
  • Sant Joan de Caselles church. It is similar to the church in Mérens-les-Vals, Ariège, France.
  • Valley of the Incles river with the Estany de Juclà ("Juclar lake"), the largest lake of Andorra.
  • Soldeu-El Tarter ski resort, part of the Grandvalira ski resort.

Gallery

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